The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Variations in adductor spasmodic dysphonia: acoustic evidence.

Acoustic analysis was used to gain information about the normal, as well as the abnormal acoustic events associated with adductor spasmodic dysphonia (ADSD). This analysis was completed to determine whether specific acoustic events could be used to differentiate the voice of individuals with ADSD from those with normal voice. A group comparison between 14 women diagnosed with ADSD and 14 women (age-matched) with no evidence of vocal pathology or vocal dysfunction was completed. Phonatory breaks, aperiodicity, and frequency shifts, acoustic parameters previously identified in ADSD, were found throughout sustained vowel productions. The duration of the phonatory breaks and aperiodic segments was calculated and the amount of frequency shift was determined. The location of each acoustic event was marked relative to the onset of the vowel production. The subjects with ADSD presented with normal phonation and various amounts of each of the three acoustic parameters. Aperiodic segments primarily characterized the phonation of ADSD, followed by frequency shifts and phonatory breaks. The location of each of these acoustic events was within the midportion of the vowel production. The advantages of segmenting the acoustic waveform into these measures and separating the spasmodic events from normal phonation when examining laryngeal motor control of spasmodic dysphonics is discussed.[1]


  1. Variations in adductor spasmodic dysphonia: acoustic evidence. Sapienza, C.M., Murry, T., Brown, W.S. Journal of voice : official journal of the Voice Foundation. (1998) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities