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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Kappa-casein polymorphisms in Indian dairy cattle and buffalo: a new genetic variant in buffalo.

We screened 57 Sahiwal cattle (Bos indicus) and 53 Murrah, 19 Nili-Ravi and 11 Egyptian buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) to detect the polymorphisms at kappa-casein (CSN3) gene using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). CSN3 A and B alleles were identified by PCR-RFLP using the restriction enzymes that detect the underlying nucleotide changes at codon 136 (Taql) and at codon 148 (HindIII or HinfI) in cattle. The frequency of CSN3 B allele in the Sahiwal cattle was estimated as 0.16 with no homozygous BB animal. Using the same set of primers as used in the Sahiwal cattle, a part of exon IV of buffalo CSN3 gene was amplified, but restriction enzyme analysis using HindIII/HinfI and TaqI did not reveal any polymorphism. However, DNA sequencing of the amplified fragment (GenBank Acc. No. U96662) revealed one polymorphism at codon 135 (ThrACC -->I1eATC) in buffalo; the frequencies of 135 Thr/Ile alleles were estimated as 0.88 and 0.12, respectively.[1]


  1. Kappa-casein polymorphisms in Indian dairy cattle and buffalo: a new genetic variant in buffalo. Mitra, A., Schlee, P., Krause, I., Blusch, J., Werner, T., Balakrishnan, C.R., Pirchner, F. Anim. Biotechnol. (1998) [Pubmed]
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