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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
MeSH Review

Polymerase Chain Reaction

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Disease relevance of Polymerase Chain Reaction


Psychiatry related information on Polymerase Chain Reaction


High impact information on Polymerase Chain Reaction

  • Furthermore, PCR amplification of hMLH1 cDNA from mRNA from a HNPCC patient, followed by in vivo recombination into a gap expression vector, allowed detection of a heterozygous loss-of-function missense mutation in hMLH1 using this method [11].
  • METHODS: The requisition form used by the PCR testing service included information on the demographic characteristics of the infants and the timing of any perinatal treatment with zidovudine [12].
  • To determine the role of the FHIT gene, which encompasses the fragile site at 3p14.2, we analyzed 59 tumors of the small cell and non-small cell type by reverse transcription of FHIT mRNA, followed by PCR amplification and sequencing of products [13].
  • Here, we provide sequences for a set of PCR primers sufficient to screen the entire coding sequence of BRCA2 using genomic DNA [14].
  • Polymerase chain reactions detected mRNAs for alpha 5, alpha 6, alpha v, beta 1, beta 3, and beta 5 [15].

Chemical compound and disease context of Polymerase Chain Reaction


Biological context of Polymerase Chain Reaction


Anatomical context of Polymerase Chain Reaction


Associations of Polymerase Chain Reaction with chemical compounds

  • PCR reactions were carried out on the genomic DNA of M. xanthus, a soil bacterium capable of differentiation to form fruiting bodies, using oligonucleotides representing highly conserved regions of eukaryotic protein serine/threonine kinases [31].
  • We then show, using single-cell reverse transcriptase followed by polymerase chain reaction, that these neurons probably contain gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) [32].
  • Southern blot hybridization, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification, and DNA sequencing showed that samples of P. regalis associated with a P strain of D. melanogaster carried P element sequences [33].
  • We have used differential display PCR to search for mRNAs induced by delta Raf-1:ER, an estradiol-dependent form of Raf-1 kinase [34].
  • MEASUREMENTS--Incidence of persistent infection as determined by PCR, culture, and serial measurement of local and systemic antibody to C trachomatis for 5 months after doxycycline therapy [35].

Gene context of Polymerase Chain Reaction

  • Using degenerate PCR primers, we have cloned a fragment of the activin beta B chain from chick hypoblast cDNA, and a fragment of the activin beta A chain from chick genomic DNA [36].
  • The thyrotropin receptor (TSHR) was cloned by selective amplification with the polymerase chain reaction of DNA segments presenting sequence similarity with genes for G protein-coupled receptors [37].
  • The PIK1 gene encoding a PtdIns 4-kinase from the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae was isolated by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with oligonucleotides based on the sequence of peptides derived from the purified enzyme [38].
  • We have cloned four cyclin-B homologs from Saccharomyces cerevisiae, CLB1-CLB4, using the polymerase chain reaction and low stringency hybridization approaches [39].
  • PCR analysis using primers that flank the inserted region present within CD44R1 identified an additional CD44 isoform, designated CD44R2, that contains only the last 69 amino acids present within the unique region of CD44R1 [40].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Polymerase Chain Reaction

  • Using a thermostable DNA polymerase of T. aquaticus (Saiki, R.K. et al., manuscript in preparation) in the PCR, we have applied a combination of PCR and direct sequence analysis of the amplified product to a human single-copy gene [41].
  • Gene array, TaqMan PCR, Western blotting, and oligonucleotide binding assays identify NF-kappaB as a novel hypoxia-regulated and HIF-dependent target, with inhibition of NF-kappaB by gliotoxin or parthenolide resulting in the abrogation of hypoxic survival [42].
  • Oligoclonal expansion of major histocompatibility complex class I-restricted cytolytic T lymphocytes during a primary immune response in vivo: direct monitoring by flow cytometry and polymerase chain reaction [43].
  • IRBP message was PCR amplified from these cells after microdissection [44].
  • The sera of 67% of women (28 of 42) who tested positive for HPV16 DNA by both PCR and the less sensitive ViraType assay tested positive in the ELISA compared with 33% of women (four of 12) who were positive by PCR but negative by ViraType (P < .05) [45].


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