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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Lack of SC/ pIgR-mediated epithelial transport of a human polymeric IgA devoid of J chain: in vitro and in vivo studies.

Three human polymeric IgA (pIgA) myeloma proteins of tetrameric size were compared for their J-chain content, their in vitro secretory component (SC)-binding ability, and their capacity to be transcytosed by polymeric immunoglobulin receptor (pIgR)-expressing epithelial cells in vitro and rat hepatocytes in vivo. One of the three pIgA preparations, pIgA-L, was shown to lack J chain and was unable to combine with purified free human and rat SC, whereas pIgA-G and pIgA-C contained J chain and combined readily with SC. Furthermore, pIgA-L was not transferred into rat bile after intravenous injection, and was hardly transported apically by polarized Madin-Darbey canine kidney cell monolayers expressing the human pIgR, whereas pIgA-G and pIgA-C were efficiently transported in both test systems. Together with our recent demonstration that antibodies to human J chain block the SC/ pIgR-mediated epithelial transport of pIgA, these data unanimously confirm the proposed key role of J chain in the epithelial transport of polymeric immunoglobulins into exocrine secretions.[1]


  1. Lack of SC/pIgR-mediated epithelial transport of a human polymeric IgA devoid of J chain: in vitro and in vivo studies. Vaerman, J.P., Langendries, A., Giffroy, D., Brandtzaeg, P., Kobayashi, K. Immunology (1998) [Pubmed]
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