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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Response phase of the flicker electroretinogram (ERG) is influenced by cone excitation strength.

We measured electroretinogram (ERG) response phases at different cone contrasts in trichromats and dichromats to investigate the dynamics of the long-wavelength-sensitive (L-) and middle-wavelength-sensitive (M-) cone pathways. ERG responses to stimuli, temporally modulated at 30 Hz, were recorded. The stimuli were generated on a computer controlled colour monitor. Thirty-two different combinations of L- and M-cone excitation strength, expressed as cone contrasts, were presented. The short-wavelength-sensitive (S-) cones were not stimulated (S-cone contrast = 0%). The response phase of the fundamental stimulus component was obtained from Fourier analysis. The ERG response phase lags decreased with increasing cone contrast. This was observed in all subjects with a normal appearing fundus. In dichromats and trichromats at low and intermediate contrasts, the phase lags to M-cone isolating conditions were smaller than those to L-cone isolating stimuli. In one dichromat with extreme myopia and cupping of the optic disc, the ERG phase lags increased with increasing cone contrast. The ERG response phase may be potentially useful for detecting retinal abnormalities.[1]


  1. Response phase of the flicker electroretinogram (ERG) is influenced by cone excitation strength. Usui, T., Kremers, J., Sharpe, L.T., Zrenner, E. Vision Res. (1998) [Pubmed]
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