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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Biological activity of carboxy-terminal gastrin analogs.

Amidated forms of gastrin are derived by post-translational processing of a large precursor peptide and stimulate gastric acid secretion via the gastrin/CCK(B) receptor. Non-amidated biosynthetic intermediates may exert biological effects through other mechanisms, but their effect on gastric acid secretion is unclear. Amidated gastrins stimulate acid secretion mainly by releasing histamine from mucosal enterochromaffin-like cells. This study examines the effects on histamine release from the vascularly perfused rat stomach of amidated gastrin-17, COOH-terminal glycine-extended gastrin-17, gastrin-17 extended at the COOH-terminal including the remaining progastrin sequence, and carboxy-terminal progastrin fragments (SAEDEN and GRRSAEDEN). Carboxy-terminal extended gastrins induced histamine release which was inhibited by the gastrin/CCK(B) antagonist L-740,093, but had to be given in concentrations 100-fold higher than amidated gastrin-17 to produce comparable effects. These progastrin-derived peptides are found in high concentrations in some patients with the Zollinger-Ellison syndrome and may contribute to acid hypersecretion and other gastrin/CCK(B) receptor mediated responses.[1]


  1. Biological activity of carboxy-terminal gastrin analogs. Sandvik, A.K., Dockray, G.J. Eur. J. Pharmacol. (1999) [Pubmed]
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