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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Sequence analysis of an 800-kb genomic DNA region on chromosome 8q21 that contains the Nijmegen breakage syndrome gene, NBS1.

An 800-kb region on chromosome 8q21, which complements the phenotype of cells from Nijmegen breakage syndrome patients, is a candidate for the locus of the underlying gene, termed NBS1. The sequence of this 800-kb region of DNA indicated that the size of this segment is 755,832 bp with an additional 36-kb gap. From this region, we identified four genes including NBS1, a gene coding for a 27-kDa vitamin D-dependent calcium-binding protein (27-kDa calbindin), the mitochondrial 2,4-dienoyl-CoA reductase gene, and a novel gene, C8orf1/hT41. All four genes were aligned in a 250-kb centromeric portion of the region, and no gene was found in the remaining telomeric portion containing 500 kb. The genomic organization of the C8orf1/hT41 and NBS1 genes has been analyzed using the computer programs GRAIL 2 and GENSCAN. They predicted and successfully found more than 93% of the exons, even a small 54-bp exon, indicating that one or more exons in any gene can be identified by these programs. GENSCAN was more efficient at locating the four genes than GRAIL 2 and identified 15 of the 16 exons of the NBS1 gene. This 800-kb region contained repetitive sequences, including 179 copies of the Alu sequence (1 copy/4.2 kb), 123 copies of the L1 sequence (1 copy/6.1 kb), 107 copies of the LTR sequence (1 copy/7.1 kb), and 63 copies of the MER sequence (1 copy/12 kb). There was a slight but not significant difference in the repetitive content of the gene-rich region and the remaining noncoding region. Our results indicate that computer-assisted methods are useful and powerful for identifying exons of both known and novel genes.[1]


  1. Sequence analysis of an 800-kb genomic DNA region on chromosome 8q21 that contains the Nijmegen breakage syndrome gene, NBS1. Tauchi, H., Matsuura, S., Isomura, M., Kinjo, T., Nakamura, A., Sakamoto, S., Kondo, N., Endo, S., Komatsu, K., Nakamura, Y. Genomics (1999) [Pubmed]
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