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Gene Review

GTF3C2  -  general transcription factor IIIC,...

Homo sapiens

Synonyms: General transcription factor 3C polypeptide 2, KIAA0011, TF3C-beta, TFIIIC 110 kDa subunit, TFIIIC-BETA, ...
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Disease relevance of GTF3C2

  • Cloning and characterization of a TFIIIC2 subunit (TFIIIC beta) whose presence correlates with activation of RNA polymerase III-mediated transcription by adenovirus E1A expression and serum factors [1].

High impact information on GTF3C2

  • A model was proposed in which pol III transcription might be regulated by the specific induction of TFIIIC110, allowing formation of active TFIIIC from the inactive form [2].
  • We have tested this model by transient transfection of HeLa and HEK293 cells with a vector expressing TFIIIC110 [2].
  • We have also made stably transfected HeLa cell lines that carry a doxycycline-inducible version of the cDNA for TFIIIC110 [2].
  • We show that the induced TFIIIC110 enters the nucleus, binds other TFIIIC subunits and is recruited to tRNA and 5S rRNA genes in vivo [2].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of GTF3C2

  • Immunoprecipitation studies with anti-TFIIIC beta antibodies have confirmed that TFIIIC beta is a bona fide subunit present only in TFIIIC2a, that TFIIIC2a and the general factor TFIIIC1 are associated in unfractionated extracts, and that previously undetected polypeptides (potential TFIIIC1 subunits) can be isolated in association with TFIIIC2a [1].


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