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Gene Review

clpC  -  ATP-dependent protease

Corynebacterium glutamicum ATCC 13032

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Disease relevance of clpC

  • ClgR activity itself is probably controlled via ClpC-dependent regulation of its stability, as ClgR is only present in DeltaclpC and not in wild-type cells, whereas the levels of clgR mRNA are comparable in both strains. clpC, clpP1P2 and clgR expression is induced upon severe heat stress, however, independently of ClgR [1].
  • clpC and clpP1P2 gene expression in Corynebacterium glutamicum is controlled by a regulatory network involving the transcriptional regulators ClgR and HspR as well as the ECF sigma factor sigmaH [1].
  • Both the ClgR- and sigmaH-dependent regulation of clpC and clpP1P2 expression appears to be conserved in other actinomycetes [1].

High impact information on clpC

  • The ECF sigma factor sigmaH could be identified as being required for transcriptional activation of clpC, clpP1P2 and clgR in response to severe heat stress [1].
  • In Corynebacterium glutamicum, the levels of the proteolytic subunits ClpP1 and ClpP2 as well as of the corresponding mRNAs were drastically increased upon deletion of the clpC gene, coding for a Clp ATPase subunit [1].


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