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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Differential effects of retinoic acid isomers on the expression of nuclear receptor co-regulators in neuroblastoma.

Retinoic acid modulates growth and induces differentiation and apoptosis of neuroblastoma cells in vitro, with the all-trans and 9-cis isomers having different biological properties. Transcriptional activation in response to retinoic acid isomers is mediated by retinoic acid receptors and retinoid X receptors. The differential expression of co-activators and co-repressors which preferentially interact with retinoic acid receptors or retinoid X receptors may be a mechanism leading to different cellular responses to 9-cis and all-trans retinoic acid. To test this hypothesis, we have studied the expression of the nuclear receptor co-regulators TIF1alpha, TIF1beta, SUG1 and SMRT in the N-type and S-type neuroblastoma cell lines SH SY 5Y and SH S EP. Transcripts for all four co-regulators were expressed in these neuroblastoma cells. The expression of TIF1alpha, TIF1beta and SUG1 did not change in response to retinoic acid; however, SMRT was induced in both neuroblastoma cell lines, but particularly by all-trans retinoic acid in SH S EP cells. An additional co-activator, Trip3, was isolated by differential mRNA display and shown to be preferentially induced by 9-cis retinoic acid in SH SY 5Y and SH S EP cells. These data suggest that retinoic acid isomer-specific induction of nuclear receptor co-regulators may determine, in part, the differential biological effects of retinoic acid isomers.[1]


  1. Differential effects of retinoic acid isomers on the expression of nuclear receptor co-regulators in neuroblastoma. Lovat, P.E., Annicchiarico-Petruzzelli, M., Corazzari, M., Dobson, M.G., Malcolm, A.J., Pearson, A.D., Melino, G., Redfern, C.P. FEBS Lett. (1999) [Pubmed]
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