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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Induction of specific CD8+ T-lymphocyte responses using a human papillomavirus-16 E6/E7 fusion protein and autologous dendritic cells.

When intracellular viral proteins are degraded, only a limited number of peptide epitopes are capable of eliciting specific CD8+ cellular immune responses for a given human leukocyte antigen (HLA) haplotype. We sought to induce CD8+ T-lymphocyte (CTL) responses to human papillomavirus-16 (HPV-16) E6 and E7 proteins using a recombinant E6/E7 fusion protein and autologous human dendritic cells (DCs). CTLs were generated by in vitro stimulation using a recombinant HPV-16 E6/E7 fusion protein and autologous DCs from a healthy HLA-A*0201 donor. CTL specificity was assessed by cytokine release assays when the cells were reacted with autologous DC targets coincubated with the E6/E7 fusion protein. These CTLs were also reacted with the immunodominant E7 peptides (E711-20 and E7(86-93)) and DCs as a target. As a negative control, DCs were incubated with or without an irrelevant control protein (Helicobacter pylori) as target for the E6/E7-induced CTLs. The E6/E7- induced CTLs were capable of specific recognition of target DCs coincubated with E6/E7 but not the control protein. When E6/E7-specific CTLs were reacted with DCs and either E7(11-20) or E7(86-93), specific peptide recognition was also detected. These data demonstrate that specific CTLs can be elicited using autologous human DCs and a HPV-16 E6/E7 fusion protein. Therefore, extracellular viral proteins seem to be engulfed and processed by DCs; then the immunodominant HLA-A2-restricted peptides become available for CD8+ T-lymphocyte recognition. These data suggest that vaccine strategies using recombinant viral proteins may overcome the limitation of peptide epitopes for specific HLA haplotypes and may, therefore, permit more generalized clinical application.[1]


  1. Induction of specific CD8+ T-lymphocyte responses using a human papillomavirus-16 E6/E7 fusion protein and autologous dendritic cells. Murakami, M., Gurski, K.J., Marincola, F.M., Ackland, J., Steller, M.A. Cancer Res. (1999) [Pubmed]
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