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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Compound X. An intermediate in enzymatic halogenation.

Previous studies have shown that chlorite serves as a halogenation substrate for horseradish peroxidase. In its substrate role, chlorite serves both as a halogen donor and as a source of oxidizing equivalents in the chlorination reaction. We now show that a new spectral intermediate, which we have termed Compound X, can be detected as the initial product of the reaction of chlorite with horseradish peroxidase. The reaction of chlorite with horseradish peroxidase to form Compound X is a relatively fast reaction especially at acidic pH values. The second order rate constant (Kf) for the formation of Compound X at pH 4.5 (optimum pH) is 0.9 X 10(6) M-1 S-1. Compound X, in the absence of a halogen acceptor, decomposes to Compound I and chloride ion. The first order rate constant (Kd) for the decay of Compound X to Compound I is 0.2 s-1 at pH 4. 5. The pH optimum for enzymatic chlorination with chlorite compares favorably with the pH profile for the lifetime of Compound X (Kf/Kd). These observations indicate that Compound X is the halogenating intermediate in the chlorite reaction and that the rate of enzymatic chlorination is directly related to the stability of Compound X. We propose an -OCl ligand on a ferric heme as the most likely structure for Compound X.[1]


  1. Compound X. An intermediate in enzymatic halogenation. Chiang, R., Rand-Meir, T., Makino, R., Hager, L.P. J. Biol. Chem. (1976) [Pubmed]
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