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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Calcimimetic compound NPS R-568 stimulates calcitonin secretion but selectively targets parathyroid gland Ca(2+) receptor in rats.

N-(3-[2-Chlorophenyl]propyl)-(R)-alpha-methyl-3-methoxybenzylamine (NPS R-568) is an orally active compound that activates Ca(2+) receptors on parathyroid cells and rapidly suppresses plasma levels of parathyroid hormone ( PTH) and Ca(2+) (ED(50), 1 and 10 mg/kg, respectively). We now show that increased calcitonin secretion contributes to NPS R-568-induced hypocalcemia. In parathyroidectomized thyroid-intact rats in which normocalcemia was restored by PTH infusion, NPS R-568 rapidly reduced plasma Ca(2+) levels, indicating that decreased PTH secretion was not solely responsible for the hypocalcemia seen in normal animals. NPS R-568 decreased plasma Ca(2+) levels in thyroidectomized parathyroid-intact rats, but the rate of onset of hypocalcemia was slower than in controls. In contrast, NPS R-568 had no effect on plasma Ca(2+) levels in PTH-infused, thyroparathyroidectomized rats, providing evidence that increased calcitonin secretion caused the hypocalcemia in PTH-infused parathyroidectomized rats. NPS R-568 rapidly increased plasma calcitonin levels to a peak at 10 to 20 min after oral dosing (ED(50) 40 mg/kg). NPS R-568 did not affect the rate of disappearance of (45)Ca from blood, indicating that hypocalcemia resulted from decreased influx of Ca(2+) into the circulation and not from increased efflux. This suggests that NPS R-568-induced hypocalcemia resulted solely from reduced efflux of Ca(2+) from bone after increased calcitonin and reduced PTH secretion. Thus, NPS R-568 causes hypocalcemia by activating Ca(2+) receptors on C cells and parathyroid cells; however, NPS R-568 is about 40 times more potent in reducing PTH levels than in increasing calcitonin levels.[1]

References

  1. Calcimimetic compound NPS R-568 stimulates calcitonin secretion but selectively targets parathyroid gland Ca(2+) receptor in rats. Fox, J., Lowe, S.H., Conklin, R.L., Petty, B.A., Nemeth, E.F. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. (1999) [Pubmed]
 
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