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MeSH Review

Parathyroid Glands

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Disease relevance of Parathyroid Glands


Psychiatry related information on Parathyroid Glands


High impact information on Parathyroid Glands


Chemical compound and disease context of Parathyroid Glands


Biological context of Parathyroid Glands


Anatomical context of Parathyroid Glands


Associations of Parathyroid Glands with chemical compounds


Gene context of Parathyroid Glands


Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Parathyroid Glands


  1. Cloning a balanced translocation associated with DiGeorge syndrome and identification of a disrupted candidate gene. Budarf, M.L., Collins, J., Gong, W., Roe, B., Wang, Z., Bailey, L.C., Sellinger, B., Michaud, D., Driscoll, D.A., Emanuel, B.S. Nat. Genet. (1995) [Pubmed]
  2. Regulation of parathyroid hormone release and cytosolic calcium by extracellular calcium in dispersed and cultured bovine and pathological human parathyroid cells. LeBoff, M.S., Shoback, D., Brown, E.M., Thatcher, J., Leombruno, R., Beaudoin, D., Henry, M., Wilson, R., Pallotta, J., Marynick, S. J. Clin. Invest. (1985) [Pubmed]
  3. Familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia: recognition among patients referred after unsuccessful parathyroid exploration. Marx, S.J., Stock, J.L., Attie, M.F., Downs, R.W., Gardner, D.G., Brown, E.M., Spiegel, A.M., Doppman, J.L., Brennan, M.F. Ann. Intern. Med. (1980) [Pubmed]
  4. Absence of RET proto-oncogene point mutations in sporadic hyperplastic and neoplastic lesions of the parathyroid gland. Padberg, B.C., Schröder, S., Jochum, W., Kastendieck, H., Roth, J., Heitz, P.U., Komminoth, P. Am. J. Pathol. (1995) [Pubmed]
  5. Experimental parturient hypocalcemia in cows following prepartal chemical inhibition of bone resportion. Yarrington, J.T., Capen, C.C., Black, H.E., Re, R., Potts, J.T., Geho, W.B. Am. J. Pathol. (1976) [Pubmed]
  6. A randomised study on a new cost-effective algorithm of quick intraoperative intact parathyroid hormone assay in secondary hyperparathyroidism. Barczyński, M., Cichoń, S., Konturek, A., Cichoń, W. Langenbeck's archives of surgery / Deutsche Gesellschaft für Chirurgie. (2005) [Pubmed]
  7. Current understanding of the molecular actions of vitamin D. Jones, G., Strugnell, S.A., DeLuca, H.F. Physiol. Rev. (1998) [Pubmed]
  8. Genetic ablation of parathyroid glands reveals another source of parathyroid hormone. Günther, T., Chen, Z.F., Kim, J., Priemel, M., Rueger, J.M., Amling, M., Moseley, J.M., Martin, T.J., Anderson, D.J., Karsenty, G. Nature (2000) [Pubmed]
  9. Cortisol stimulation of parathyroid hormone secretion by rat parathyroid glands in organ culture. Au, W.Y. Science (1976) [Pubmed]
  10. An interstitial deletion-insertion involving chromosomes 2p25.3 and Xq27.1, near SOX3, causes X-linked recessive hypoparathyroidism. Bowl, M.R., Nesbit, M.A., Harding, B., Levy, E., Jefferson, A., Volpi, E., Rizzoti, K., Lovell-Badge, R., Schlessinger, D., Whyte, M.P., Thakker, R.V. J. Clin. Invest. (2005) [Pubmed]
  11. Hyperparathyroidism and abnormal calcitriol metabolism in the spontaneously hypertensive rat. Merke, J., Lucas, P.A., Szabo, A., Cournot-Witmer, G., Mall, G., Bouillon, R., Drüeke, T., Mann, J., Ritz, E. Hypertension (1989) [Pubmed]
  12. The roles of calcium and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 in the regulation of vitamin D receptor expression by rat parathyroid glands. Brown, A.J., Zhong, M., Finch, J., Ritter, C., Slatopolsky, E. Endocrinology (1995) [Pubmed]
  13. A critical role for enhanced TGF-alpha and EGFR expression in the initiation of parathyroid hyperplasia in experimental kidney disease. Cozzolino, M., Lu, Y., Sato, T., Yang, J., Suarez, I.G., Brancaccio, D., Slatopolsky, E., Dusso, A.S. Am. J. Physiol. Renal Physiol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  14. Effect of ethane-1-hydroxy-1,1-diphosphonate (EHDP) on the ultrastructure of parathyroid glands and plasma immunoreactive parathyroid hormone in pregnant cows fed a low calcium diet. Yarrington, J.T., Capen, C.C., Black, H.E., Re, R., Potts, J.T., Geho, W.B. Lab. Invest. (1977) [Pubmed]
  15. Intraoperative identification of parathyroid glands: appraisal of methylene blue staining. Wheeler, M.H., Wade, J.S. Am. J. Surg. (1982) [Pubmed]
  16. Marked suppression of secondary hyperparathyroidism by intravenous administration of 1,25-dihydroxy-cholecalciferol in uremic patients. Slatopolsky, E., Weerts, C., Thielan, J., Horst, R., Harter, H., Martin, K.J. J. Clin. Invest. (1984) [Pubmed]
  17. Parathyroid hormone does not inhibit platelet aggregation. Leithner, C., Kovarik, J., Sinzinger, H., Woloszczuk, W. Lancet (1984) [Pubmed]
  18. The in vitro effect of calcitriol on parathyroid cell proliferation and apoptosis. Canalejo, A., Almadén, Y., Torregrosa, V., Gomez-Villamandos, J.C., Ramos, B., Campistol, J.M., Felsenfeld, A.J., Rodríguez, M. J. Am. Soc. Nephrol. (2000) [Pubmed]
  19. Parathyroid hormone is not required for normal milk composition or secretion or lactation-associated bone loss in normocalcemic rats. Garner, S.C., Boass, A., Toverud, S.U. J. Bone Miner. Res. (1990) [Pubmed]
  20. Tissue and gene specific hypomethylation of the human parathyroid hormone gene: association with parathyroid hormone gene expression in parathyroid glands. Levine, M.A., Morrow, P.P., Kronenberg, H.M., Phillips, J.A. Endocrinology (1986) [Pubmed]
  21. The origin of the parathyroid gland. Okabe, M., Graham, A. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (2004) [Pubmed]
  22. Phenotypic characterization of the murine Nkx2.6 homeobox gene by gene targeting. Tanaka, M., Yamasaki, N., Izumo, S. Mol. Cell. Biol. (2000) [Pubmed]
  23. The calcium-sensing receptor is localized in caveolin-rich plasma membrane domains of bovine parathyroid cells. Kifor, O., Diaz, R., Butters, R., Kifor, I., Brown, E.M. J. Biol. Chem. (1998) [Pubmed]
  24. Sequence analysis, tissue distribution and regulation by cell depolarization, and second messengers of bovine secretogranin II (chromogranin C) mRNA. Fischer-Colbrie, R., Gutierrez, J., Hsu, C.M., Iacangelo, A., Eiden, L.E. J. Biol. Chem. (1990) [Pubmed]
  25. Parafibromin, product of the hyperparathyroidism-jaw tumor syndrome gene HRPT2, regulates cyclin D1/PRAD1 expression. Woodard, G.E., Lin, L., Zhang, J.H., Agarwal, S.K., Marx, S.J., Simonds, W.F. Oncogene (2005) [Pubmed]
  26. Studies of the elevated extracellular concentration of cyclic AMP in uremic man. Hamet, P., Stouder, D.A., Ginn, H.E., Hardman, J.G., Liddle, G.W. J. Clin. Invest. (1975) [Pubmed]
  27. Preoperative imaging of parathyroid glands with technetium-99m-labelled sestamibi and iodine-123 subtraction scanning in secondary hyperparathyroidism. Hindié, E., Urenã, P., Jeanguillaume, C., Mellière, D., Berthelot, J.M., Menoyo-Calonge, V., Chiappini-Briffa, D., Janin, A., Galle, P. Lancet (1999) [Pubmed]
  28. Cytoplasmic and nuclear binding components for 1alpha25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 in chick parathyroid glands. Brumbaugh, P.F., Hughes, M.R., Haussler, M.R. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1975) [Pubmed]
  29. Prevention of uremic bone disease using calcimimetic compounds. Olgaard, K., Lewin, E. Annu. Rev. Med. (2001) [Pubmed]
  30. Menin inactivation leads to loss of transforming growth factor beta inhibition of parathyroid cell proliferation and parathyroid hormone secretion. Sowa, H., Kaji, H., Kitazawa, R., Kitazawa, S., Tsukamoto, T., Yano, S., Tsukada, T., Canaff, L., Hendy, G.N., Sugimoto, T., Chihara, K. Cancer Res. (2004) [Pubmed]
  31. Parathyroid gland-specific deletion of the mouse Men1 gene results in parathyroid neoplasia and hypercalcemic hyperparathyroidism. Libutti, S.K., Crabtree, J.S., Lorang, D., Burns, A.L., Mazzanti, C., Hewitt, S.M., O'Connor, S., Ward, J.M., Emmert-Buck, M.R., Remaley, A., Miller, M., Turner, E., Alexander, H.R., Arnold, A., Marx, S.J., Collins, F.S., Spiegel, A.M. Cancer Res. (2003) [Pubmed]
  32. Familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia caused by an R648stop mutation in the calcium-sensing receptor gene. Yamauchi, M., Sugimoto, T., Yamaguchi, T., Yano, S., Wang, J., Bai, M., Brown, E.M., Chihara, K. J. Bone Miner. Res. (2002) [Pubmed]
  33. Regulation of parathyroid vitamin D receptor expression by extracellular calcium. Garfia, B., Cañadillas, S., Canalejo, A., Luque, F., Siendones, E., Quesada, M., Almadén, Y., Aguilera-Tejero, E., Rodríguez, M. J. Am. Soc. Nephrol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  34. The rapid identification of "normal" parathyroid glands by the presence of intracellular fat. Roth, S.I., Gallagher, M.J. Am. J. Pathol. (1976) [Pubmed]
  35. Reduced bone mass in calcitonin-deficient rats whether lactating or not. Hirsch, P.F., Hagaman, J.R. J. Bone Miner. Res. (1986) [Pubmed]
  36. Immunoassays for the detection of parathyroid hormone. Jüppner, H., Potts, J.T. J. Bone Miner. Res. (2002) [Pubmed]
  37. Morphometric evaluation of intracytoplasmic lipid in normal and pathological parathyroid glands. Cinti, S., Sbarbati, A., Zancanaro, C., Morroni, M., Franceschini, F., Carboni, V., Lo Cascio, V. J. Pathol. (1990) [Pubmed]
  38. Identification of parathyroid hormone messenger ribonucleic acid in an apparently nonfunctioning parathyroid carcinoma transformed from a parathyroid carcinoma with hyperparathyroidism. Baba, H., Kishihara, M., Tohmon, M., Fukase, M., Kizaki, T., Okada, S., Matsuzuka, F., Kobayashi, A., Kuma, K., Fujita, T. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. (1986) [Pubmed]
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