The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Actions of roxindole at recombinant human dopamine D2, D3 and D4 and serotonin 5-HT1A, 5-HT1B and 5-HT1D receptors.

Roxindole is a potential antidepressant agent. The present study determined its affinity and agonist efficacy at recombinant human (h) dopamine hD2, hD3 and hD4 and serotonin (5-HT) h5-HT1A, h5-HT1B and h5-HT1D receptors. Roxindole exhibited high affinity at hD3 as well as at hD2 (short isoform) and hD4 (4-repeat isoform) receptors (pKi values 8.93, 8.55 and 8.23, respectively). Further, it displayed high affinity at hS-HT1A receptors (pKi = 9.42) but modest affinity at 5-HT1B and 5-HT1D receptors (pKi values 6.00 and 7.05, respectively). In [35S]GTPgammaS binding experiments, roxindole was >20-fold more potent in stimulating [35S]GTPgammaS binding at hD3 than at hD2 or hD4 receptors (pEC50 = 9.23 vs. 7.88 and 7.69). However, whereas roxindole exhibited partial agonist activity at hD3 and hD4 sites (Emax = 30.0% and 35.1%, respectively, relative to dopamine = 100%), it only weakly activated hD2 receptors (Emax = 10.5%). Roxindole potently blocked dopamine-stimulated [35S]GTPgammaS binding at hD2 receptors (pkappaB = 9.05). In comparison, the dopamine receptor agonist, (-)quinpirole, acted as a partial agonist at hD3 and hD4 sites (Emax = 67.4% and 66.3%, respectively) but surpassed the efficacy of dopamine at hD2 receptors (Emax = 132%). At h5-HT1A receptors, roxindole behaved as a high affinity (pKi = 9.42) partial agonist (Emax = 59.6%, relative to 5-HT = 100%), whereas (-)quinpirole had negligible activity. The selective 5-HT1A antagonist, WAY 100,635, blocked roxindole (100 nM)-stimulated [35S]GTPgammaS binding at h5-HT1A receptors in a concentration-dependent manner (pkappaB = 9.28). Roxindole only weakly stimulated [35S]GTPgammaS binding at 5-HT1B and 5-HT1D receptors (Emax = 27.1% and 13.7%). The present data suggest that roxindole activates mainly D3 vs. D2 or D4 receptors and 5-HT1A vs. 5-HT1B or 5-HT1D receptors. Activation of D3 and/or 5-HT1A receptors may thus contribute to its potential antidepressant properties.[1]

References

  1. Actions of roxindole at recombinant human dopamine D2, D3 and D4 and serotonin 5-HT1A, 5-HT1B and 5-HT1D receptors. Newman-Tancredi, A., Cussac, D., Audinot, V., Millan, M.J. Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch. Pharmacol. (1999) [Pubmed]
 
WikiGenes - Universities