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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

A randomized study of dorzolamide in the prevention of elevated intraocular pressure after anterior segment laser surgery. Dorzolamide Laser Study Group.

PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of 2% dorzolamide hydrochloride opthalmic solution in preventing spikes in intraocular pressure (IOP) after anterior segment laser surgery. METHODS: This 24-hour, placebo-controlled, randomized, double-masked, multicenter evaluation was conducted to determine the efficacy of dorzolamide hydrochloride 2% in controlling IOP after neodimium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Nd:YAG) laser capsulotomy, argon laser trabeculoplasty, or laser iridotomy. The 122 patients enrolled were assigned in randomized fashion to receive dorzolamide or placebo 1 hour before and immediately after the procedure; IOP was measured 1, 2, 3, 4, and 24 hours after the procedure. RESULTS: Of 61 patients receiving dorzolamide, only one (1.7%) had a spike in IOP of 10 mmHg or more, compared with 9 (14.8%) of the 61 patients receiving placebo. Mean IOP among patients receiving dorzolamide was significantly reduced both from baseline and compared with that among patients receiving placebo from 1 to 4 hours after administration. Only 5 (8%) of the 61 patients receiving dorzolamide experienced at least one adverse event, compared with 15 (25%) of the 61 patients receiving placebo. CONCLUSION: Dorzolamide was effective in preventing spikes in IOP after anterior segment laser surgery. Dorzolamide was generally well tolerated after short-term use.[1]

References

  1. A randomized study of dorzolamide in the prevention of elevated intraocular pressure after anterior segment laser surgery. Dorzolamide Laser Study Group. Hartenbaum, D., Wilson, H., Maloney, S., Vacarelli, L., Orillac, R., Sharpe, E. Journal of glaucoma. (1999) [Pubmed]
 
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