The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The influence of interferon-alpha on the pharmacokinetics of cyclophosphamide and its 4-hydroxy metabolite in patients with multiple myeloma.

The pharmacokinetics of cyclophosphamide (CP) and its cytotoxic metabolite 4-hydroxycyclophosphamide (4-OHCP) have been studied in multiple myeloma patients treated with the CIB (CP, interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) and betamethasone) regimen. In the present investigation we aimed to determine whether exposure to CP and its cytotoxic metabolite 4-OHCP is influenced by the concomitant administration of IFN-alpha. Ten patients with previously untreated multiple myeloma entered the study. Each patient received two courses of CIB in randomized order. Interferon was administered either 2 h before the CP infusion in one course or 24 h after the CP infusion in the other course. A cyclophosphamide dose of 750-900 mg/m2 was given as a 2 h constant infusion. Interferon-alpha (10-15 x 10(6) IE) was given subcutaneously. All patients received betamethasone 24 h after CP or later. The elimination of CP was described by monoexponential decay. The administration of IFN-alpha before CP caused a decrease in CP clearance to 63% (P=0.004), a 137% longer half-life (P = 0.004) and a 137% higher peak plasma concentration (P = 0.006) compared to the results obtained when IFN-alpha was administered 24 h after CP. The formation of 4-OHCP was also affected by the administration of IFN-alpha prior to CP, 45% less exposure to 4-OHCP expressed as AUC (P = 0.002) and a 61% lower peak plasma concentration (P = 0.002) compared with that observed when IFN-alpha was administered 24 h after CP. The administration of IFN-alpha after CP resulted in a greater (45%, P = 0.02) decrease in leukocyte count compared with results when IFN-alpha was given before CP. This study demonstrates that the administration of IFN-alpha prior to CP significantly impairs pharmacokinetics of CP and 4-OHCP. When IFN-alpha was administered after CP, a higher exposure to the cytotoxic metabolite 4-OHCP was observed and reflected by a significant decrease in leukocyte count compared to that when IFN-alpha was given before CP. In conclusion, the time of administration of IFN-alpha in relation to concomitant chemotherapy (CP) has to be considered to obtain a higher efficacy of IFN-alpha/alkylating agent combining regimens for induction in multiple myeloma and related disorders.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities