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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

alpha-crystallin protects glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase against inactivation by malondialdehyde.

The present work investigates the effect of malondialdehyde (MDA) binding on the enzymic activity and on some structural properties of glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD). We studied whether alpha-crystallin could protect the enzyme against MDA damage, and if so, by what mechanism. We also studied whether alpha-crystallin could renature G6PD denatured by MDA. alpha-Crystallin was prepared from bovine lenses by gel chromatography. MDA was freshly prepared and incubated with G6PD with or without alpha-crystallin. The results show that MDA reacted with G6PD non-enzymically causing inactivation at concentrations lower than those used previously on structural proteins. The modified enzyme became fluorescent. alpha-Crystallin, acting as a molecular chaperone, specifically protected the enzyme against inactivation by MDA. The enzyme was not reactivated by alpha-crystallin, but it was stabilised and protected against further denaturation. Complex formation between alpha-crystallin and the modified enzyme was demonstrated by immunoprecipitation. G6PD was very susceptible to MDA and we have shown for the first time that alpha-crystallin is able to protect the enzyme against this damage.[1]


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