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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I regulates IGF-binding protein-5 gene expression through the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, protein kinase B/Akt, and p70 S6 kinase signaling pathway.

Expression of the insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 5 (IGFBP-5) gene in vascular smooth muscle cells is up-regulated by IGF-I through an IGF-I receptor-mediated mechanism. In this study, we studied the possible involvement of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and PI 3-kinase signaling pathways in mediating IGF-I- regulated IGFBP-5 gene expression. The addition of Des(1-3)IGF-I, an IGF analog with reduced affinity to IGFBPs, resulted in a transient activation of p44 and p42 MAPK. Inhibition of the MAPK activation by PD98059, however, did not affect IGF-I-stimulated IGFBP-5 expression. Des(1-3)IGF-I treatment also strongly activated PI 3-kinase. This activation was probably mediated through IRS-1, because IGF-I stimulation resulted in a significant increase in IRS-1- but not IRS-2-associated PI 3-kinase activity. This activation occurred within 5 min and was sustained at high levels for over 6 h. Likewise, Des(1-3)IGF-I caused a long lasting activation of PKB/Akt and p70(s6k). When LY294002 and wortmannin, two specific inhibitors of PI 3-kinase, were added with Des(1-3)IGF-I, the IGF-I-regulated IGFBP-5 expression was negated. The addition of rapamycin, which inhibits IGF-I-induced p70(s6k) activation, significantly inhibited IGF-I-regulated IGFBP-5 gene expression. These results suggest that the action of IGF-I on IGFBP-5 gene expression requires the activation of the PI 3-kinase-PKB/Akt-p70(s6k) pathway but not the MAPK pathway in vascular smooth muscle cells.[1]


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