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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Generation of nitric oxide and possibly nitroxyl by nitrosation of sulfohydroxamic acids and hydroxamic acids.

Diazeniumdiolates (NONOates) and sulfohydroxamic acids are chemical entities that spontaneously generate nitric oxide (NO) and nitroxyl (HNO), respectively, at physiological pH and temperature. By combining the functional aspects of the NONOates with the hydroxamic acids and sulfohydroxamic acids, hybrid NONOate-type compounds that could theoretically generate nitroxyl or nitric oxide can be rationalized. Although the instability of these compounds, viz., the N-nitrosohydroxamic acids and the N-nitrososulfohydroxamic acids, precluded their chemical characterization by actual isolation, their transient existence was deduced by identification of the products of their decomposition. Thus, treatment of benzohydroxamic acid (BHA) with limiting or excess nitrous acid (from NaNO(2) and H(3)PO(4)) gave rise to quantitative generation of N(2)O, possibly via HNO, based on the limiting reactant. Nitrosation of N-t-butyloxycarbonyl hydroxylamine gave similar results. The organic acid produced from BHA was identified as benzoic acid. No nitric oxide was detected from these reactions. In contrast, treatment of Piloty's acid (benzenesulfohydroxamic acid) and methanesulfohydroxamic acid (MSHA) with nitrous acid under the same conditions as above gave 36% of the theoretical quantity of NO from Piloty's acid and 47% of NO from MSHA, although finite quantities of HNO (measured as N(2)O) were also formed. The organic acid produced from Piloty's acid was identified by reverse-phase HPLC as the redox product, benzenesulfinic acid.[1]


  1. Generation of nitric oxide and possibly nitroxyl by nitrosation of sulfohydroxamic acids and hydroxamic acids. Shirota, F.N., DeMaster, E.G., Lee, M.J., Nagasawa, H.T. Nitric Oxide (1999) [Pubmed]
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