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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Neonatal tumor necrosis factor alpha promotes diabetes in nonobese diabetic mice by CD154-independent antigen presentation to CD8(+) T cells.

Neonatal islet-specific expression of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha in nonobese diabetic mice promotes diabetes by provoking islet-infiltrating antigen-presenting cells to present islet peptides to autoreactive T cells. Here we show that TNF-alpha promotes autoaggression of both effector CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells. Whereas CD8(+) T cells are critical for diabetes progression, CD4(+) T cells play a lesser role. TNF-alpha- mediated diabetes development was not dependent on CD154-CD40 signals or activated CD4(+) T cells. Instead, it appears that TNF-alpha can promote cross-presentation of islet antigen to CD8(+) T cells using a unique CD40-CD154-independent pathway. These data provide new insights into the mechanisms by which inflammatory stimuli can bypass CD154-CD40 immune regulatory signals and cause activation of autoreactive T cells.[1]


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