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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Genetic control of fertility and embryonic waste in the mouse: A rolefor angiotensinogen.

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of angiotensinogen gene (Agt) deficiency on reproductive fitness in a rodent model. Mice with 0 (Agt(-/-)), 1 (Agt(-/+)), and 2 (Agt(+/+)) copies of Agt were bred according to the following schemes: 1) Agt(-/-) x Agt(-/-), 2) Agt(-/+) x Agt(-/+), 3) Agt(+/+) x Agt(+/+), and 4) Agt(+/+) female symbol x Agt(-/+) male symbol. There were 4 breeding pairs per scheme. Breedings were time mated. Mice and litters were weighed daily. Southern blotting was used for genotyping. We found that Agt(-/-) breeding pairs had fewer litters (2 [range 1-2] vs. 4 [range 3-5]; P = 0.01), fewer pups per litter (4 [range 1-7] vs. 6 [range 1-10]; P = 0.006), and longer interpregnancy intervals (43 days [range 31-44] vs. 35.5 days [range 22-58]; P = 0.04) compared to wild-type controls. The ratio of postcoital plugs to subsequent litters was 4.0 and 1.2 for Agt(-/-) and Agt(+/+) breedings, respectively (P = 0.03). Median maternal weights during all trimesters of pregnancy were significantly lower for Agt-deficient mice compared to wild-type controls. Among Agt(-/+) x Agt(-/+) breedings, the proportions of Agt(+/+) (n = 17), Agt(-/+) (n = 38), and Agt(-/-) (n = 4) offspring differed significantly from the expected 1:2:1 Mendelian inheritance pattern (P = 0.03). Neonatal survival among the offspring derived from the Agt(-/-) x Agt(-/-) breeding scheme was significantly reduced (P = 0. 001). We conclude that Agt deficiency is associated with an in utero lethal effect, decreased fertility, and impaired neonatal survival.[1]


  1. Genetic control of fertility and embryonic waste in the mouse: A rolefor angiotensinogen. Tempfer, C.B., Moreno, R.M., Gregg, A.R. Biol. Reprod. (2000) [Pubmed]
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