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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects of zatebradine and propranolol on canine ischemia and reperfusion-induced arrhythmias.

1,3,4,5-Tetrahydro-7,8-dimethoxy-3[3-[[2-(3, 4-dimethoxyphenyl)-ethyl]methylamino]propyl]-2H-3-benzazepin-2-one -hy drochloride (Zatebradine) is a specific bradycardiac agent, blocking the hyperpolarization-activated pacemaker current (I(f)), and thus has no negative inotropic effect. The purpose of this study was to examine whether zatebradine is effective against ischemia and reperfusion-induced arrhythmias in dogs compared to propranolol. Arrhythmia was induced by ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery followed by reperfusion. Ischemia-induced biphasic arrhythmias were suppressed in both zatebradine and propranolol groups. During ischemia, fatal ventricular fibrillation occurred in four dogs in the control group, 0 in the zatebradine group, and two dogs in the propranolol group. Of the 31 dogs subjected to reperfusion, mortality rates in the zatebradine, propranolol, and control groups were 56%, 75%, and 86%, respectively, and there were no significant differences. In the heart beating 10 beats/min faster than the predrug heart rate by atrial pacing, both zatebradine and propranolol attenuated ischemia-induced arrhythmias but did not affect reperfusion arrhythmias. Our results suggest that I(f) and/or beta-adrenoceptors rather than the bradycardiac action might be related to the antiarrhythmic effects during ischemia, but that they do not play a role in the generation of the reperfusion-induced ventricular arrhythmias.[1]


  1. Effects of zatebradine and propranolol on canine ischemia and reperfusion-induced arrhythmias. Naito, H., Furukawa, Y., Chino, D., Yamada, C., Hashimoto, K. Eur. J. Pharmacol. (2000) [Pubmed]
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