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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Morphology and transverse stiffness of Drosophila myofibrils measured by atomic force microscopy.

Atomic force microscopy was used to investigate the surface morphology and transverse stiffness of myofibrils from Drosophila indirect flight muscle exposed to different physiologic solutions. I- and A-bands were clearly observed, and thick filaments were resolved along the periphery of the myofibril. Interfilament spacings correlated well with estimates from previous x-ray diffraction studies. Transverse stiffness was measured by using a blunt tip to indent a small section of the myofibrillar surface in the region of myofilament overlap. At 10 nm indention, the effective transverse stiffness (K( perpendicular)) of myofibrils in rigor solution (ATP-free, pCa 4.5) was 10.3 +/- 5.0 pN nm(-1) (mean +/- SEM, n = 8); in activating solution (pCa 4.5), 5.9 +/- 3.1 pN nm(-1); and in relaxing solution (pCa 8), 4.4 +/- 2.0 pN nm(-1). The apparent transverse Young's modulus (E( perpendicular)) was 94 +/- 41 kPa in the rigor state and 40 +/- 17 kPa in the relaxed state. The value of E( perpendicular) for calcium-activated myofibrils (55 +/- 29 kPa) was approximately a tenth that of Young's modulus in the longitudinal direction, a difference that at least partly reflects the transverse flexibility of the myosin molecule.[1]


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