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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Substance P in the dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus evokes gastric motor inhibition via neurokinin 1 receptor in rat.

Many gastrointestinal stimuli result in gastric fundic relaxation. This information is integrated at the interface of vagal afferents and efferents in the dorsal vagal complex. Substance P ( SP) is present in this region, and the neurokinin(1) receptor (NK(1)R) is highly expressed in preganglionic neurons of the dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus (DMN). However, its functional effects on vagal motor output to the stomach have not been investigated. Therefore, we determined the gastric motor effects of stereotaxic microinjection of SP and selective tachykinin receptor agents into the DMN of anesthetized rats. Dose-related decreases in intragastric pressure and antral motility were obtained on the microinjection of SP (135 and 405 pmol) into the DMN, without cardiovascular changes. Similar decreases in intragastric pressure were noted after the microinjection of [Sar(9),Met(O(2))(11)]SP (NK(1)R agonist; 135 pmol) but not senktide (NK(3)R agonist; 135 pmol) or vehicle. The gastric motor inhibition evoked by SP (135 pmol) was attenuated by prior microinjection of 2-methoxy-5-tetrazol-1-yl-benzyl-(2-phenyl-piperidin-3-yl)-a mine (GR203040; 1 nmol; NK(1)R antagonist). Vagotomy or hexamethonium (15 mg/kg i.v.) completely abolished the gastric relaxation evoked by SP (135 pmol) microinjected into the DMN. We conclude that SP acts on NK(1)R preganglionic cholinergic vagal neurons in the DMN, which control enteric nonadrenergic noncholinergic motor inhibition of the fundus. The potential relevance is that an antiemetic site of action of NK(1)R antagonists may be in the DMN to prevent excitation of neurons controlling fundic relaxation, which is an essential prodromal component of emesis.[1]


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