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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

FMRFamides exert a unique modulation of rodent pancreatic polypeptide sensitive neuropeptide Y (NPY) receptors.

FMRFamide and related peptides (RFamides) were found to inhibit the association binding of iodinated human pancreatic polypeptide ([125I]hPP) to Y5-like neuropeptide Y (NPY) receptor in rodent tissues. An allosteric regulation of the activity of the rodent kidney PP-sensitive neuropeptide Y (NPY) receptor by RFamides was indicated by potency decrease with particle concentration in the inhibition of the association binding of 125I- labeled human pancreatic polypeptide (hPP) by RFamides at rabbit kidney membranes. The competition by C-terminal hexapeptide of hPP (LTRPRY.NH2) did not show such affinity change. The steady-state binding of hPP showed little sensitivity to any of the RFamides tested. The Y1-selective binding of [125I][Leu31,Pro34]hPYY (at 2 nM hPP) was much less sensitive to RFamides than the binding of [125I]hPP, albeit with some differences across tissue or cell types. The binding of Y2-selective agonist 125I-labeled human peptide YY (3-36) was quite insensitive to RFamides. The presence of a unique component in the inhibition of hPP binding by RFamides was further indicated by a degree of antagonism with phospholipase C inhibitor U-73122, and by an only limited cooperation with a N5-amiloride compound, and with alkylator chloroethylclonidine. Change of the chirality of individual residues in the FMRFamide molecule produced a significant reduction of inhibitory potency only with D-Phe in the C-terminal position. Substitution of the (C-3) L-Met by L-Leu greatly increased the inhibitory potency of RFamides relative to otherwise identical congeners. RFamides could act both as ligands of membrane neighbors of the PP receptor, and as competitors of Y5-like NPY receptor epitopes that accommodate the C-terminal aspects of agonist peptides.[1]


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