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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Efficient repair of A/C mismatches in mouse cells deficient in long-patch mismatch repair.

A previously unrecognized mismatch repair activity is described. Extracts of immortalized MSH2-deficient mouse fibroblasts did not correct most single base mispairs. The same extracts carried out efficient repair of A/C mismatches. A/G mispairs were less efficiently corrected and there was no significant repair of A/A. MLH1-defective mouse extracts also repaired an A/C mispair. A/C correction by Msh2(-/-) mouse cell extracts was not affected by antibodies against the PMS2 protein, which inhibited long-patch mismatch repair. A/C repair activity is thus independent of MutSalpha, MutSbeta and MutLalpha. A/C mismatches were corrected 5-fold more efficiently by extracts of Msh2 knockout mouse cells than by comparable extracts prepared from hMSH2- or hMLH1-deficient human cells. MSH2-independent A/C correction by mouse cell extracts did not require a nick in the circular duplex DNA substrate. Repair involved replacement of the A and was associated with the resynthesis of a limited stretch of </=25 bases of DNA.[1]


  1. Efficient repair of A/C mismatches in mouse cells deficient in long-patch mismatch repair. Oda, S., Humbert, O., Fiumicino, S., Bignami, M., Karran, P. EMBO J. (2000) [Pubmed]
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