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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Genetic evidence for a multi-subunit complex in the O-methyltransferase steps of coenzyme Q biosynthesis.

Coq3 O-methyltransferase carries out both O-methylation steps in coenzyme Q (ubiquinone) biosynthesis. The degree to which Coq3 O-methyltransferase activity and expression are dependent on the other seven COQ gene products has been investigated. A panel of yeast mutant strains harboring null mutations in each of the genes required for coenzyme Q biosynthesis (COQ1-COQ8) have been prepared. Mitochondria have been isolated from each member of the yeast coq mutant collection, from the wild-type parental strains and from respiratory deficient mutants harboring deletions in ATP2 or COR1 genes. These latter strains constitute Q-replete, respiratory deficient controls. Each of these mitochondrial preparations has been analyzed for COQ3-encoded O-methyltransferase activity and steady state levels of Coq3 polypeptide. The findings indicate that the presence of the other COQ gene products is required to observe normal levels of O-methyltransferase activity and the Coq3 polypeptide. However, COQ3 steady state RNA levels are not decreased in any of the coq mutants, relative to either wild-type or respiratory deficient control strains, suggesting either a decreased rate of translation or a decreased stability of the Coq3 polypeptide. These data are consistent with the involvement of the Coq polypeptides (or the Q-intermediates formed by the Coq polypeptides) in a multi-subunit complex. It is our hypothesis that a deficiency in any one of the COQ gene products results in a defective complex in which the Coq3 polypeptide is rendered unstable.[1]


  1. Genetic evidence for a multi-subunit complex in the O-methyltransferase steps of coenzyme Q biosynthesis. Hsu, A.Y., Do, T.Q., Lee, P.T., Clarke, C.F. Biochim. Biophys. Acta (2000) [Pubmed]
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