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Gene Review

ATP2  -  F1F0 ATP synthase subunit beta

Saccharomyces cerevisiae S288c

Synonyms: ATP synthase subunit beta, mitochondrial, J2041, YJR121W
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High impact information on ATP2

  • To address the question of the involvement of the mRNA targeting process in mitochondrial biogenesis, we studied the role of ATP2 3' UTR [1].
  • In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, ATP2 mRNA sorting to the vicinity of mitochondria is essential for respiratory function [1].
  • Results obtained with the gene fusions and with targeting-defective ATP2 deletion mutants provide evidence that the amino-terminal 27 amino acids of the beta-subunit protein precursor are sufficient to direct both specific sorting of this protein to yeast mitochondria and its import into the organelle [2].
  • Also, we have observed that certain of the mitochondrially associated Atp2-LacZ and Atp2-Suc2 hybrid proteins confer a novel respiration-defective phenotype to yeast cells [2].
  • Plasma membrane CoQ6 levels were unchanged by either the presence or absence of iron in wild type, atp2, or cor1 strains [3].

Biological context of ATP2

  • In this report the extent to which this subunit participates in protein transport has been determined by comparing import into mitochondria that lack the F1ATPase alpha-subunit (delta ATP1) versus mitochondria that lack the other major catalytic subunit, the F1ATPase beta-subunit (delta ATP2) [4].
  • Three copies of the ATP2 gene are arranged in tandem on chromosome X in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae [5].
  • The region containing the three ATP2s is composed of two repeated units of approximately 7 kb; that is, both ends (ATP2a, ATP2c) accompanying the ATP2-neighboring ORFs are the same [5].
  • We designated the ATP2 proximal to the centromere as ATP2a, the middle one as ATP2b and the distal one as ATP2c [5].
  • In this study, we present evidence that there are three closely linked copies of ATP2 encoding the beta subunit of the F1F0-ATPase complex on the right arm of chromosome X in several laboratory strains, including Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain S288C, although it was reported by the yeast genome project that ATP2 is a single-copy gene [5].

Associations of ATP2 with chemical compounds

  • Expression of all three copies of ATP2 (ATP2a, ATP2b, ATP2c) was confirmed because a single or double ATP2-disruptant could grow on glycerol, but a triple ATP2-disruptant could not [5].
  • The gene coding the beta subunit (subunit 2) of yeast mitochondrial adenosine triphosphatase is designated ATP2 [6].
  • Expression of an in-frame deletion in ATP2 between residues 28 and 34 to eliminate this single cysteine residue located near the processing site of the matrix protease does not prevent the in vivo delivery of the subunit to mitochondria or its assembly into a functional ATPase complex [7].
  • Expression of the modified gene generated a functional F1Fo complex in host yeast cells lacking a functional copy of the endogenous ATP2 gene, as judged by growth of rescued cells on lactate medium [8].
  • Strains with defects in CoQ6 synthesis exhibit decreased capacity for ascorbate stabilization compared with wild type or with atp2 or cor1 respiratory-deficient mutant strains [3].

Other interactions of ATP2

  • Mitochondria have been isolated from each member of the yeast coq mutant collection, from the wild-type parental strains and from respiratory deficient mutants harboring deletions in ATP2 or COR1 genes [9].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of ATP2


  1. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, ATP2 mRNA sorting to the vicinity of mitochondria is essential for respiratory function. Margeot, A., Blugeon, C., Sylvestre, J., Vialette, S., Jacq, C., Corral-Debrinski, M. EMBO J. (2002) [Pubmed]
  2. The amino terminus of the yeast F1-ATPase beta-subunit precursor functions as a mitochondrial import signal. Emr, S.D., Vassarotti, A., Garrett, J., Geller, B.L., Takeda, M., Douglas, M.G. J. Cell Biol. (1986) [Pubmed]
  3. Coenzyme Q6 and iron reduction are responsible for the extracellular ascorbate stabilization at the plasma membrane of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Santos-Ocaña, C., Córdoba, F., Crane, F.L., Clarke, C.F., Navas, P. J. Biol. Chem. (1998) [Pubmed]
  4. The mitochondrial F1ATPase alpha-subunit is necessary for efficient import of mitochondrial precursors. Yuan, H., Douglas, M.G. J. Biol. Chem. (1992) [Pubmed]
  5. Three copies of the ATP2 gene are arranged in tandem on chromosome X in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Takeda, M., Katayama, H., Satoh, T., Mabuchi, T. Curr. Genet. (2005) [Pubmed]
  6. Nuclear genes coding the yeast mitochondrial adenosine triphosphatase complex. Isolation of ATP2 coding the F1-ATPase beta subunit. Saltzgaber-Muller, J., Kunapuli, S.P., Douglas, M.G. J. Biol. Chem. (1983) [Pubmed]
  7. Nuclear genes coding the yeast mitochondrial adenosine triphosphatase complex. Primary sequence analysis of ATP2 encoding the F1-ATPase beta-subunit precursor. Takeda, M., Vassarotti, A., Douglas, M.G. J. Biol. Chem. (1985) [Pubmed]
  8. Functional expression of hexahistidine-tagged beta-subunit of yeast F1-ATPase and isolation of the enzyme by immobilized metal affinity chromatography. Ichikawa, N., Mizuno, M. Protein Expr. Purif. (2004) [Pubmed]
  9. Genetic evidence for a multi-subunit complex in the O-methyltransferase steps of coenzyme Q biosynthesis. Hsu, A.Y., Do, T.Q., Lee, P.T., Clarke, C.F. Biochim. Biophys. Acta (2000) [Pubmed]
  10. ATP1 and ATP2, the F1F0-ATPase alpha and beta subunit genes of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, are respectively located on chromosomes II and X. Takeda, M., Okushiba, T., Hayashida, T., Gunge, N. Yeast (1994) [Pubmed]
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