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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Feedback inhibition of sodium/calcium exchange by mitochondrial calcium accumulation.

Chinese hamster ovary cells expressing the bovine cardiac Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger were subjected to two periods of 5 and 3 min, respectively, during which the extracellular Na(+) concentration ([Na(+)](o)) was reduced to 20 mm; these intervals were separated by a 5-min recovery period at 140 mm Na(+)(o). The cytosolic Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)) increased during both intervals due to Na(+)-dependent Ca(2+) influx by the exchanger. However, the peak rise in [Ca(2+)](i) during the second interval was only 26% of the first. The reduced rise in [Ca(2+)](i) was due to an inhibition of Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchange activity rather than increased Ca(2+) sequestration since the influx of Ba(2+), which is not sequestered by internal organelles, was also inhibited by a prior interval of Ca(2+) influx. Mitochondria accumulated Ca(2+) during the first interval of reduced [Na(+)](o), as determined by an increase in fluorescence of the Ca(2+)-indicating dye rhod-2, which preferentially labels mitochondria. Agents that blocked mitochondrial Ca(2+) accumulation (uncouplers, nocodazole) eliminated the observed inhibition of exchange activity during the second period of low [Na(+)](o). Conversely, diltiazem, an inhibitor of the mitochondrial Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger, increased mitochondrial Ca(2+) accumulation and also increased the inhibition of exchange activity. We conclude that Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchange activity is regulated by a feedback inhibition process linked to mitochondrial Ca(2+) accumulation.[1]


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