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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

7The yeast mRNA-binding protein Npl3p interacts with the cap-binding complex.

A number of RNA-binding proteins are associated with mRNAs in both the nucleus and the cytoplasm. One of these, Npl3p, is a heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein-like protein with some similarity to SR proteins and is essential for growth in the yeast S. cerevisiae. Temperature-sensitive alleles have defects in the export of mRNA out of the nucleus (1). In this report, we define a genetic relationship between NPL3 and the nonessential genes encoding the subunits of the cap-binding complex (CBP80 and CBP20). Deletion of CBP80 or CBP20 in combination with certain temperature-sensitive npl3 mutant alleles fail to grow and thus display a synthetic lethal relationship. Further evidence of an interaction between Npl3p and the cap-binding complex was revealed by co-immunoprecipitation experiments; Cbp80p and Cbp20p specifically co-precipitate with Npl3p. However, the interaction of Npl3p with Cbp80p depends on both the presence of Cbp20p and RNA. In addition, we show that Cbp80p is capable of shuttling between the nucleus and the cytoplasm in a manner dependent on the ongoing synthesis of RNA. Taken together, these data support a model whereby mRNAs are co-transcriptionally packaged by proteins including Npl3p and cap-binding complex for export out of the nucleus.[1]


  1. 7The yeast mRNA-binding protein Npl3p interacts with the cap-binding complex. Shen, E.C., Stage-Zimmermann, T., Chui, P., Silver, P.A. J. Biol. Chem. (2000) [Pubmed]
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