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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Lactacystin activates FLICE (caspase 8) protease and induces apoptosis in Fas-resistant adult T-cell leukemia cell lines.

Lactacystin (LC) is a specific inhibitor of the proteasome, and has recently been shown to induce apoptosis in certain cell lines. In the present study, we established Fas-resistant adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) cell subclones RSO4 and RST1 from their parental Fas-sensitive cell lines SO4 and ST1, and examined whether LC can overcome Fas resistance. LC completely inhibited proteasome function as determined by a peptidyl-MCA substrate (LLVY-MCA and LLE-MCA), and induced apoptosis in these cell lines irrespective of Fas sensitivity at low concentrations (approximately 10 microM). LC induced the activation of caspase 3 (CPP32/Yama) and caspase 6 proteases in an identical manner to Fas-mediated apoptosis. Moreover, LC induced the activation of caspase 8 (FLICE) protease, which is the initiator of the Fas-mediated apoptotic cascade. Synthesized proteasome inhibitory peptide MG-115 (ZLLnV-CHO) also induced apoptosis in these cell lines. These results indicated that proteasome inhibitors overcome Fas-resistance by bypassing the proximal part of the Fas signal. Inhibition of the proteasome function may be a new strategy for the treatment of ATL.[1]

References

  1. Lactacystin activates FLICE (caspase 8) protease and induces apoptosis in Fas-resistant adult T-cell leukemia cell lines. Yamada, Y., Sugahara, K., Tsuruda, K., Nohda, K., Mori, N., Hata, T., Maeda, T., Hayashibara, T., Joh, T., Honda, M., Tawara, M., Tomonaga, M., Miyazaki, Y., Kamihira, S. Eur. J. Haematol. (2000) [Pubmed]
 
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