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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Coadministration of 5-hydroxytryptamine(1A) antagonist WAY-100635 prevents fluoxetine-induced desensitization of postsynaptic 5-hydroxytryptamine(1A) receptors in hypothalamus.

Treatment with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors induces a desensitization of hypothalamic postsynaptic 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)(1A) receptors in humans and rats. This study investigated whether fluoxetine-induced desensitization is due to overactivation of postsynaptic 5-HT(1A) receptors; whether blockade of somatodendritic 5-HT(1A) autoreceptors accelerates this desensitization; and whether desensitization is associated with a reduction of Gz proteins, which couple to 5-HT(1A) receptors. WAY-100635 was tested at low doses (0.03-0.3 mg/kg), which antagonize somatodendritic 5-HT(1A) autoreceptors in the raphe nuclei, and at a higher dose (1 mg/kg), which completely blocks postsynaptic 5-HT(1A) receptors. Plasma levels of oxytocin and adrenal corticotrophic hormone (corticotropin) were measured as peripheral indicators of hypothalamic 5-HT(1A) receptor function. Daily injections of fluoxetine (10 mg/kg/day i.p.) for 2 days did not desensitize 5-HT(1A) receptors but three daily injections of fluoxetine produced a partial desensitization of the hormone responses to (+/-)-8-hydroxy-2-dipropylaminoetetralin (50 microg/kg s.c.). WAY-100635 (0.03-0.3 mg/kg) did not accelerate or potentiate the fluoxetine-induced desensitization of 5-HT(1A) receptors. However, WAY-100635 at a dose that completely blocks postsynaptic 5-HT(1A) receptors (1.0 mg/kg) completely prevented the fluoxetine-induced desensitization of 5-HT(1A) receptors. These data demonstrate that at least 3 days of fluoxetine exposure is required to produce a homologous desensitization of hypothalamic 5-HT(1A) receptors. Although previous studies indicate that injections of fluoxetine for 14 days produce a reduction of Gz protein levels in the hypothalamus, the levels of Gz proteins were not affected by either fluoxetine or WAY-100635. Alternative mechanisms mediating the initial stages of 5-HT(1A) receptor desensitization could involve post-translational modifications in the 5-HT(1A) receptor-Gz protein-signaling cascade.[1]


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