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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effect of methoxychlor administration to male rats on hepatic, microsomal iodothyronine 5'-deiodinase, form I.

We previously reported that methoxychlor administration inhibits the activity of the hepatic, microsomal iodothyronine 5'-deiodinase, form I (ID-I; ). Our data further suggested that the inhibition was due to the covalent binding of a methoxychlor metabolite to a 56-kDa protein identified as ID-I (; ). This protein is 98% homologous to the thiol:protein disulfide oxidoreductase, form Q5 (ERp55;; ). Although at the time there was some controversy, most studies now suggest that ID-I is actually catalyzed by a 27-kDa selenoprotein that does not form adducts with methoxychlor (;; ). Because the 27-kDa protein is considered to be ID-I instead of ERp55, we have further examined the basis for the decreased ID-I activity observed after methoxychlor administration. Male, 150- to 200-g Sprague-Dawley rats were given methoxychlor (0-100 mg/kg/day) in corn oil by gavage for 14 days. ID-I was determined by a thyronine-specific immunoassay. Treated rats showed a significant 15% decline in total hepatic, microsomal protein at all doses. The ID-I-specific activity showed a linear decrease with increasing log doses of methoxychlor. The maximum decrease was 42% at 100 mg/kg/day. The 27-kDa protein specific content declined 37%. In rats given methoxychlor the ratios of the 27-kDa protein mRNA to the 18S ribosomal RNA declined from 2.2 +/- 0.27 x 10(-3) (controls) to 0.99 +/- 0.09 x 10(-3) (100 mg/kg/day). These data suggest that the decreased ID-I observed with chronic methoxychlor administration was due to decreased transcription or stability of the mRNA encoding the 27-kDa protein.[1]


  1. Effect of methoxychlor administration to male rats on hepatic, microsomal iodothyronine 5'-deiodinase, form I. Morrell, S.L., Fuchs, J.A., Holtzman, J.L. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. (2000) [Pubmed]
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