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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Human SPRY2 inhibits FGF2 signalling by a secreted factor.

Growth factor signalling pathways and their inhibitors coordinate the formation of three-dimensional patterns of vertebrates and invertebrates. Temporal and spatial restriction of the response to a few well-defined cells is crucial and needs the integration of positive and negative signals. Recently, Spry has been identified as an inhibitor of fibroblast growth factor (FGF) signalling during Drosophila trachea development. Spry has been described as an intracellular protein that can exert its function in a cell autonomous or a paracrine manner. Here we describe the role of SPRY2, a human homologue of Spry, in human FGF2 signalling. We show that in primary human dermal endothelial cells (MVEC) SPRY2 mRNA is transiently upregulated in response to FGF2. Overexpression of SPRY2 in A375 cells leads to the secretion of a soluble factor that inhibits FGF2- but not VEGF-stimulated proliferation of MVEC. Direct administration of recombinant SPRY2 protein has no effect on MVEC proliferation. However, SPRY2 protein binds the intracellular adaptor protein GRB2, indicating an intracellular localization. A SPRY2/GFP fusion protein remains in the cell, further supporting the intracellular localization of SPRY2. So the intracellular protein SPRY2 is involved in the non-cell autonomous inhibitory effect indirectly, via regulating the secretion of an inhibitor of FGF2 signalling in vertebrates, the evidence of which is presented here for the first time.[1]


  1. Human SPRY2 inhibits FGF2 signalling by a secreted factor. Glienke, J., Fenten, G., Seemann, M., Sturz, A., Thierauch, K.H. Mech. Dev. (2000) [Pubmed]
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