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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Differential expression of cell-cell adhesion proteins and cyclin D in MEK1-transdifferentiated MDCK cells.

Overexpression of a constitutively active mutant of the mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase MEK1 (caMEK1) in epithelial Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK)-C7 cells disrupts morphogenesis, induces an invasive phenotype, and is associated with a reduced rate of cell proliferation. The role of cell-cell adhesion molecules and cell cycle proteins in these processes, however, has not been investigated. We now report loss of E-cadherin expression as well as a marked reduction of beta- and alpha-catenin expression in transdifferentiated MDCK-C7 cells stably expressing caMEK1 (C7caMEK1) compared with epithelial mock-transfected MDCK-C7 (C7Mock1) cells. At least part of the remaining alpha-catenin was coimmunoprecipitated with beta-catenin, whereas no E-cadherin was detected in beta-catenin immunoprecipitates. In both cell types, the proteasome-specific protease inhibitors N-acetyl-Leu-Leu-norleucinal (ALLN) and lactacystin led to a time-dependent accumulation of beta-catenin, including the appearance of high-molecular-weight beta-catenin species. Quiescent as well as serum-stimulated C7caMEK1 cells showed a higher cyclin D expression than epithelial C7Mock1 cells. The MEK inhibitor U-0126 inhibited extracellular signal-regulated kinase phosphorylation and cyclin D expression in C7caMEK1 cells and almost abolished their already reduced cell proliferation rate. We conclude that the transdifferentiated and invasive phenotype of C7caMEK1 cells is associated with a diminished expression of proteins involved in cell-cell adhesion. Although beta-catenin expression is reduced, C7caMEK1 cells show a higher expression of U-0126-sensitive cyclin D protein.[1]


  1. Differential expression of cell-cell adhesion proteins and cyclin D in MEK1-transdifferentiated MDCK cells. Marschitz, I., Lechner, J., Mosser, I., Dander, M., Montesano, R., Schramek, H. Am. J. Physiol., Cell Physiol. (2000) [Pubmed]
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