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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Identification of GRY-RBP as an apolipoprotein B RNA- binding protein that interacts with both apobec-1 and apobec-1 complementation factor to modulate C to U editing.

C to U editing of apolipoprotein B (apoB) mRNA involves the interaction of a multicomponent editing enzyme complex with a requisite RNA sequence embedded within an AU-rich context. This enzyme complex includes apobec-1, an RNA-specific cytidine deaminase, and apobec-1 complementation factor ( ACF), a novel 65-kDa RNA-binding protein, that together represent the minimal core of the editing enzyme complex. The precise composition of the holo-enzyme, however, remains unknown. We have previously isolated an enriched fraction of S100 extracts, prepared from chicken intestinal cells, that displays apoB RNA binding and which, following supplementation with apobec-1, permits efficient C to U editing. Peptide sequencing of this most active fraction reveals the presence of ACF as well as GRY-RBP, an RNA-binding protein with approximately 50% homology to ACF. GRY-RBP was independently isolated from a two-hybrid screen of chicken intestinal cDNA. GRY-RBP binds to ACF, to apobec-1, and also binds apoB RNA. Experiments using recombinant proteins demonstrate that GRY-RBP binds to ACF and inhibits both the binding of ACF to apoB RNA and C to U RNA editing. This competitive inhibition is rescued by addition of ACF, suggesting that GRY-RBP binds to and sequesters ACF. As further evidence of the role of GRY-RBP, rat hepatoma cells treated with an antisense oligonucleotide to GRY-RBP demonstrated an increase in C to U editing of endogenous apoB RNA. ACF and GRY-RBP colocalize in the nucleus of transfected cells and, in cotransfection experiments with apobec-1, each appears to colocalize in a predominantly nuclear distribution. Taken together, the results indicate that GRY-RBP is a member of the ACF gene family that may function to modulate C to U RNA editing through binding either to ACF or to apobec-1 or, alternatively, to the target RNA itself.[1]


  1. Identification of GRY-RBP as an apolipoprotein B RNA-binding protein that interacts with both apobec-1 and apobec-1 complementation factor to modulate C to U editing. Blanc, V., Navaratnam, N., Henderson, J.O., Anant, S., Kennedy, S., Jarmuz, A., Scott, J., Davidson, N.O. J. Biol. Chem. (2001) [Pubmed]
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