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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Social isolation stress augments angiogenesis induced by colon 26-L5 carcinoma cells in mice.

We have previously shown that tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), which is an important angiogenesis-related factor, was over-secreted in male BALB/c mice under social isolation stress as compared with the control, and closely associated with a remarkable elevation of tumor invasion and metastasis of colon 26-L5 carcinoma cells. In the present study, we explored the effect of isolation stress on the angiogenesis caused by colon 26-L5 carcinoma cells in vivo and in vitro. Social isolation lead to the enhancement of tumor growth after intrahepatic implantation with a fragment of colon 26-L5 tumor. Angiogenic response (number of vessels oriented towards tumor mass) and tumor growth (size) were significantly increased in the socially isolated mouse relative to that in the group-housed mice. Furthermore, higher protein level of hepatic TNF-alpha was found in the stressed mice than that in the control. Expression of mRNA for vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and hepatocyte growth factor ( HGF) were also elevated in the tumor regions and liver tissues of the stressed mice in comparison with that in group-housed mice. On the other hand, hepatic sinusoidal endothelial (HSE) cells treated with TNF-alpha exhibited a marked promotion of the migration, invasion, expression of mRNA for matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9, and tube-like formation, but no cytotoxicity against the cells in vitro. The above data suggest that the social isolation stress augmented the tumor-induced angiogenesis probably by up-regulating the angiogenesis-related factors, including TNF-alpha, VEGF and HGF, and consequently mediating the functions of endothelial cells such as migration, invasion, and tube-like formation.[1]


  1. Social isolation stress augments angiogenesis induced by colon 26-L5 carcinoma cells in mice. Wu, W., Murata, J., Murakami, K., Yamaura, T., Hayashi, K., Saiki, I. Clin. Exp. Metastasis (2000) [Pubmed]
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