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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Peroxisome proliferators do not increase DNA synthesis in purified rat hepatocytes.

There have been numerous reports that chemicals which induce peroxisomes in rodent liver increase DNA synthesis in isolated hepatic parenchymal cells, but not as well in vitro as in vivo. It is also known that tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) is mitogenic in isolated hepatocytes. Since Kupffer cells are a major source of TNFalpha in the liver and have recently been shown to be activated by peroxisome proliferators, the possibility exists that the effect of peroxisome proliferators on DNA synthesis in parenchymal cells is via Kupffer cell contamination of isolated hepatocyte preparations. The purpose of this study was to evaluate this hypothesis by studying the effect of model peroxisome proliferators on purified hepatocyte preparations. Hepatocytes were prepared from rat liver by standard calcium-free and collagenase perfusion. Subsequently, cells were centrifuged through Percoll to remove contaminating non-parenchymal cells. Cells were at least 99.9% pure as assessed by cell counting using specific markers for hepatocytes (resorufin O-glucoside) and Kupffer cells (FITC-labelled latex beads). Hepatocytes were cultured in Williams medium + 10% fetal bovine serum for 24 h followed by culture for 48 h in Williams medium plus or minus drug or mitogen additions. Under these conditions epidermal growth factor stimulated DNA synthesis assessed by incorporation of [3H]thymidine approximately 5-fold over control levels. The peroxisome proliferators WY,14-643 and nafenopin, however, had no effect on DNA synthesis, although they did increase acyl-CoA oxidase as expected. In contrast, TNFalpha increased cell proliferation nearly 10-fold in purified hepatocytes, an effect nearly doubled by WY-14,643. Further, when conditioned medium from purified Kupffer cells incubated with WY-14,643 was added to pure hepatocytes, DNA synthesis was increased over 2-fold in a time-dependent manner. Collectively, these data support the hypothesis that peroxisome proliferators do not influence DNA synthesis in isolated hepatocytes per se. Rather, they stimulate cytokine production by Kupffer cells which in turn increases DNA synthesis in parenchymal cells. An increase in mitogenic cytokine production by Kupffer cells is necessary for stimulation of DNA synthesis in purified rat parenchymal cells.[1]


  1. Peroxisome proliferators do not increase DNA synthesis in purified rat hepatocytes. Parzefall, W., Berger, W., Kainzbauer, E., Teufelhofer, O., Schulte-Hermann, R., Thurman, R.G. Carcinogenesis (2001) [Pubmed]
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