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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Prostasin is a glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored active serine protease.

A recombinant human prostasin serine protease was expressed in several human cell lines. Subcellular fractionation showed that this serine protease is synthesized as a membrane-bound protein while a free-form prostasin is secreted into the culture medium. Prostasin was identified in nuclear and membrane fractions. Membrane-bound prostasin can be released by phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C treatment, or labeled by [(3)H]ethanolamine, indicating a glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchorage. A prostasin-binding protein was identified in mouse and human seminal vesicle fluid. Both the secreted and the membrane-bound prostasin were able to form a covalently linked 82-kDa complex when incubated with seminal vesicle fluid. The complex formation between prostasin and the prostasin-binding protein was inhibited by a prostasin antibody, heparin, and serine protease inhibitors. Prostasin's serine protease activity was inhibited when bound to the prostasin- binding protein in mouse seminal vesicle fluid. This study indicates that prostasin is an active serine protease in its membrane-bound form.[1]


  1. Prostasin is a glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored active serine protease. Chen, L.M., Skinner, M.L., Kauffman, S.W., Chao, J., Chao, L., Thaler, C.D., Chai, K.X. J. Biol. Chem. (2001) [Pubmed]
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