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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Human ClC-3 is not the swelling- activated chloride channel involved in cell volume regulation.

Volume regulation is essential for normal cell function. A key component of the cells' response to volume changes is the activation of a channel, which elicits characteristic chloride currents (I(Cl, Swell)). The molecular identity of this channel has been controversial. Most recently, ClC-3, a protein highly homologous to the ClC-4 and ClC-5 channel proteins, has been proposed as being responsible for I(Cl, Swell). Subsequently, however, other reports have suggested that ClC-3 may generate chloride currents with characteristics clearly distinct from I(Cl, Swell). Significantly different tissue distributions for ClC-3 have also been reported, and it has been suggested that two isoforms of ClC-3 may be expressed with differing functions. In this study we generated a series of cell lines expressing variants of ClC-3 to rigorously address the question of whether or not ClC-3 is responsible for I(Cl, Swell). The data demonstrate that ClC-3 is not responsible for I(Cl, Swell) and has no role in regulatory volume decrease, furthermore, ClC-3 is not activated by intracellular calcium and fails to elicit chloride currents under any conditions tested. Expression of ClC-3 was shown to be relatively tissue-specific, with high levels in the central nervous system and kidney, and in contrast to previous reports, is essentially absent from heart. This distribution is also inconsistent with the previous proposed role in cell volume regulation.[1]


  1. Human ClC-3 is not the swelling-activated chloride channel involved in cell volume regulation. Weylandt, K.H., Valverde, M.A., Nobles, M., Raguz, S., Amey, J.S., Diaz, M., Nastrucci, C., Higgins, C.F., Sardini, A. J. Biol. Chem. (2001) [Pubmed]
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