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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Evidence for association of the myo-inositol monophosphatase 2 (IMPA2) gene with schizophrenia in Japanese samples.

In our search for candidate genes for affective disorder on the short arm of chromosome 18, we cloned IMPA2, a previously unreported myo-inositol monophosphatase gene, that maps to 18p11. 2. We determined its genomic structure and detected three new single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). In the present study, we screened the gene further to search for additional polymorphisms in Japanese samples and identified seven other SNPs, including a novel missense mutation. These polymorphisms clustered into three regions of the gene. Three relatively informative SNPs, 58G>A, IVS1--15G>A and 800C>T from clusters 1, 2 and 3, respectively, were selected for association tests using a case-control design. The Japanese cohort included 302 schizophrenics, 205 patients with affective disorder and 308 controls. Genotyping was done either by melting curve analysis on the LightCycler or by sequencing. All three SNPs showed significant genotypic association (nominal P = 0.031--0.0001) with schizophrenia, but not with affective disorder. These findings increase the relevance of 18p11.2 to schizophrenia susceptibility because GNAL, which has been shown previously to be implicated in schizophrenia in an independent study, is in close physical proximity to IMPA2. Our findings suggest that IMPA2 or a gene nearby may contribute to the overall genetic risk for schizophrenia among Japanese.[1]


  1. Evidence for association of the myo-inositol monophosphatase 2 (IMPA2) gene with schizophrenia in Japanese samples. Yoshikawa, T., Kikuchi, M., Saito, K., Watanabe, A., Yamada, K., Shibuya, H., Nankai, M., Kurumaji, A., Hattori, E., Ishiguro, H., Shimizu, H., Okubo, Y., Toru, M., Detera-Wadleigh, S.D. Mol. Psychiatry (2001) [Pubmed]
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