The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Identification of T helper epitopes from prostatic acid phosphatase.

Helper T cells (Th cells) play a central role in the initiation and maintenance of immune responses, including antitumor immunity. The ability of Th cells in murine models to maintain and enhance the cytolytic efficacy of CD8+ CTLs has led to a renewed interest in identifying human tumor antigens recognized by Th cells. Prostatic acid phosphatase ( PAP) is a prostate cancer-associated tumor antigen. A rodent model has demonstrated that PAP-specific CTLs can induce destructive prostatitis. Human MHC class I epitopes derived from PAP have been identified previously, and peptide-specific CTLs have been shown to be able to lyse an MHC-restricted prostate cancer cell line. In the current study, we sought to identify Th epitopes derived from PAP that might be used to elicit PAP-specific Th responses, ultimately in the context of human vaccines targeting PAP. Using peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from subjects with and without PAP-specific Th responses, we screened a panel of 10 potential peptide epitopes for peptide-specific T-cell proliferation. Four peptides, p81-95, p199-213, p228-242, and p308-322, were identified for which peptide-specific T-cell proliferation occurred in the majority of patient PBMC samples that also exhibited PAP-specific T-cell proliferation. PBMCs from patients with prostate cancer and without PAP-specific Th immunity were then cultured in vitro with these four peptides. Peptide-specific T-cell lines could be generated from two of the four peptides, p199-213 and p228-242, that also proliferated in response to PAP protein stimulation. The ability of these two peptides to elicit PAP-specific Th responses suggests that they represent naturally processed PAP-specific MHC class II epitopes.[1]


  1. Identification of T helper epitopes from prostatic acid phosphatase. McNeel, D.G., Nguyen, L.D., Disis, M.L. Cancer Res. (2001) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities