The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Oligomerization of NHERF-1 and NHERF-2 PDZ domains: differential regulation by association with receptor carboxyl-termini and by phosphorylation.

PDZ domains bind to the carboxyl-termini of target proteins, and some PDZ domains are capable of oligomerization to facilitate the formation of intracellular signaling complexes. The Na(+)/H(+) exchanger regulatory factor (NHERF-1; also called "EBP50") and its relative NHERF-2 (also called "E3KARP", "SIP-1", and "TKA-1") both have two PDZ domains. We report here that the PDZ domains of NHERF-1 and NHERF-2 bind specifically to each other but not to other PDZ domains. Purified NHERF-2 PDZ domains associate with each other robustly in the absence of any associated proteins, but purified NHERF-1 PDZ domains associate with each other only weakly when examined alone. The oligomerization of the NHERF-1 PDZ domains is greatly facilitated when they are bound with carboxyl-terminal ligands, such as the carboxyl-termini of the beta(2)-adrenergic receptor or the platelet-derived growth factor receptor. Oligomerization of full-length NHERF-1 is also enhanced by mutation of serine 289 to aspartate (S289D), which mimics the phosphorylated form of NHERF-1. Co-immunoprecipitation experiments with differentially tagged versions of the NHERF proteins reveal that NHERF-1 and NHERF-2 form homo- and hetero-oligomers in a cellular context. A point-mutated version of NHERF-1 (S289A), which cannot be phosphorylated on serine 289, exhibits a reduced capacity for co-immunoprecipitation from cells. These studies reveal that both NHERF-1 and NHERF-2 can oligomerize, which may facilitate NHERF-mediated formation of cellular signaling complexes. These studies furthermore reveal that oligomerization of NHERF-1, but not NHERF-2, is highly regulated by association with other proteins and by phosphorylation.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities