The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Nuclear factor kappaB is a critical determinant in N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor-mediated neuroprotection.

The role of a nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) in NMDA receptor-mediated neuroprotection is not known. A candidate sequence from the 5' flanking region of exon 3 of the rat brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene was used to show that exposure of rat cerebellar granule cells to 100 microM NMDA activated a specific DNA binding activity that was blocked by the NMDA receptor antagonist MK-801. Anti-p65 antibody or anti-p50 antibody 'supershifted' the DNA binding activity, suggesting that the DNA-protein complex was composed of p65 and p50 subunits. NMDA receptor- mediated neuroprotection was blocked when cerebellar neurons were transfected with a double-stranded oligonucleotide containing the BDNF gene NF-kappaB sequence. Furthermore, nuclear extracts prepared from neurons treated with NMDA and the double-stranded NF-kappaB oligonucleotide showed reduced DNA binding activity to the target sequence, supporting the idea that NF-kappaB may be involved in the transcriptional activation of the BDNF gene. To address this issue, we quantified the level of exon 3-specific BDNF mRNA. Relative to GAPDH mRNA levels and compared with untreated neurons, NMDA increased exon 3-specific BDNF mRNA twofold. In contrast, pretreatment of neurons with the NF-kappaB target DNA abolished the increase in BDNF mRNA following addition of NMDA. We also determined that BDNF itself induced an NF-kappaB DNA binding activity. Taken together, these data support a mechanism where NF-kappaB plays a critical role in NMDA-mediated neuroprotection.[1]


  1. Nuclear factor kappaB is a critical determinant in N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor-mediated neuroprotection. Lipsky, R.H., Xu, K., Zhu, D., Kelly, C., Terhakopian, A., Novelli, A., Marini, A.M. J. Neurochem. (2001) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities