The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Thorium and iodine memory effects in inductively-coupled plasma mass spectrometry.

Thorium and iodine memory effects have been characterized experimentally for inductively-coupled plasma mass spectrometry by adding ammonia gas directly to the spray chamber and nebulizing aqueous ammonia sample solutions to assess analyte memory retention sites. Thorium memory effect originates from the tendency of an unidentified thorium compound to volatilize from the spray-chamber walls, and not from Th compound adsorption to nebulizer tubing. The mass spectrometer skimmer and sampler cones, ion optics, quadrupole, and other components are not responsible for the memory effect. Unlike that of thorium the iodine memory effect originates from adsorption of iodine compounds on nebulizer tubing surfaces and from volatilization of HI and I2 from the spray-chamber walls. Addition of ammonia sample solutions or ammonia gas directly to the spray chamber eliminated the Th and I memory effects in practical analyses, and blank levels were achieved after 2 min wash-outs. Quantitative recoveries were obtained for Th and I in reference materials.[1]


  1. Thorium and iodine memory effects in inductively-coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Al-Ammar, A., Reitznerová, E., Barnes, R.M. Fresenius' journal of analytical chemistry. (2001) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities