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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
MeSH Review


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Disease relevance of Volatilization

  • (The absence of a merR regulatory gene in the cloned Thiobacillus mer determinant provides a basis for the constitutive synthesis of this system.) In the absence of the Thiobacillus merC transport gene, the mercury volatilization activity was cryptic and was not seen with whole cells but only with sonication-disrupted cells [1].
  • The procedures have included neosalpingostomy, tubal reanastomosis, vaporization of adhesions, and removal of endometriosis [2].
  • Contrary to commonly used pesticides, the rate of volatilization of extremely toxic chemicals such as the nerve agent O-ethyl S-2-(N,N-diisopropylamino)ethyl methylphosphonothiolate (VX) cannot be readily obtained under environmental conditions due to its high mammalian toxicity that would require extraordinary precautions [3].
  • Clinically silent malignant tumor recurrence or metastasis can be treated by laser resection or vaporization as well as by a second-look procedure suggested by an increasing level of carcinoembryonic antigen [4].
  • However, vaporization of papilloma with the CO2 laser exposes the patient and staff to a potentially infective plume [5].

High impact information on Volatilization

  • Impact processes on the martian surface can produce both the hot, CO2-rich fluid (by volatilization of surface carbonates or other CO2 sources) and--by brecciation--the condults through which it flowed [6].
  • The heat of Me(2)CO adsorption (DeltaH(ad) = -25 kJ/mol) is obtained from the temperature dependence of threshold pressure (P(th)), which is close to acetone vaporization enthalpy (DeltaH(vap) = 30.99 kJ/mol) [7].
  • Se volatilization by Indian mustard accounted for only 0.7% (w/v) of the SeCN(-) removed, likely because the biochemical steps in the production of dimethylselenide from organic Se were rate limiting [8].
  • Only 10% to 18% of urea N applied was lost (presumably because of NH(3) volatilization) in contrast to far greater losses reported in several other studies [9].
  • Selenium assimilation and volatilization from selenocyanate-treated Indian mustard and muskgrass [8].

Chemical compound and disease context of Volatilization


Biological context of Volatilization


Anatomical context of Volatilization


Associations of Volatilization with chemical compounds

  • Condensation and vaporization studies of CH3OH and NH3 ices: major implications for astrochemistry [23].
  • No significant catabolic losses of monoterpenes were detected throughout leaf development, and monoterpene volatilization was found to occur at a very low rate, which, on a monthly basis, represented less than 1% of the total pool of stored monoterpenes [24].
  • Both appear to inhibit Se volatilization by reacting with the selenide product(s) [25].
  • To achieve this goal, a solid sample is inserted into a graphite furnace of the boat-in-tube type and is subsequently submitted to an appropriate temperature program, leading to the separate vaporization of methylmercury and inorganic mercury, which are transported into the ICP by means of an argon carrier gas [26].
  • Development of a method for dioxin analysis of small serum samples with reduced risk of volatilization [27].

Gene context of Volatilization

  • Induction experiments and mercury volatilization studies demonstrate an enhancing but non-essential role for these merA-distal coding sequences in mercury resistance and volatilization [28].
  • The merA mutant exhibited mercury sensitivity relative to wild type and was defective in elemental mercury volatilization, while the merR mutant was mercury resistant [29].
  • The CE-FHF-AAS interface integrated the superiorities of stable CE separation, complete sample introduction, and continuous vaporization for AAS detection without the need of extra external heat sources and any post-column derivation steps [30].
  • A concentration of arsenite (0.1 mM) which does not inhibit glutathione reductase inhibited selenide volatilization, as did bovine serum albumin (1.67 mg/ml) [25].
  • Vaporization of materials occurs in the hot nitrogen gas stream flowing from an ESI or APCI probe [31].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Volatilization

  • In vitrectomy, temperature elevations from vitreous vaporization with an intraocular CO2 laser probe would be well below retinal damage threshold levels at distances greater than 2 mm from the center of the beam [32].
  • Methylmercury was determined by volatilization separation followed by gas chromatography and by ion-exchange separation of inorganic and organic species followed by measurement by cold vapour atomic absorption spectrometry (CVAAS) [33].
  • INTERVENTIONS: Vaporization and excision of endometriotic implants and nodules, ureterolysis, ureteric stents, laparoscopic anterior rectal wall resection and reanastomosis, presacral neurectomy, laparoscopic hysterectomy, salpingo-oophorectomy and appendicectomy using the CO2 laser [34].
  • Unlike that of thorium the iodine memory effect originates from adsorption of iodine compounds on nebulizer tubing surfaces and from volatilization of HI and I2 from the spray-chamber walls [35].
  • Cryotherapy and CO2-laser vaporization in the treatment of cervical and vaginal human papillomavirus (HPV) infections [36].


  1. Constitutive synthesis of a transport function encoded by the Thiobacillus ferrooxidans merC gene cloned in Escherichia coli. Kusano, T., Ji, G.Y., Inoue, C., Silver, S. J. Bacteriol. (1990) [Pubmed]
  2. Experience with the carbon dioxide laser in gynecologic microsurgery. Kelly, R.W., Roberts, D.K. Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. (1983) [Pubmed]
  3. Laboratory setup for long-term monitoring of the volatilization of hazardous materials: preliminary tests of O-ethyl S-2-(N,N-diisopropylamino)ethyl methylphosphonothiolate on asphalt. Waysbort, D., Manisterski, E., Leader, H., Manisterski, B., Ashani, Y. Environ. Sci. Technol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  4. The laser in surgery. A 23 year perspective. Minton, J.P. Am. J. Surg. (1986) [Pubmed]
  5. Powered laryngeal shavers and laryngeal papillomatosis: a preliminary report. Patel, R.S., MacKenzie, K. Clinical otolaryngology and allied sciences. (2000) [Pubmed]
  6. A possible high-temperature origin for the carbonates in the martian meteorite ALH84001. Harvey, R.P., McSween, H.Y. Nature (1996) [Pubmed]
  7. A contrivance for a dynamic porous framework: cooperative guest adsorption based on square grids connected by amide-amide hydrogen bonds. Uemura, K., Kitagawa, S., Fukui, K., Saito, K. J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2004) [Pubmed]
  8. Selenium assimilation and volatilization from selenocyanate-treated Indian mustard and muskgrass. de Souza, M.P., Pickering, I.J., Walla, M., Terry, N. Plant Physiol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  9. Leaf urea metabolism in potato. Urease activity profile and patterns of recovery and distribution of (15)N after foliar urea application in wild-type and urease-antisense transgenics. Witte, C.P., Tiller, S.A., Taylor, M.A., Davies, H.V. Plant Physiol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  10. Role of laparoscopic assisted vaginal hysterectomy in gynecology. Soong, Y.K., Lee, C.L., Chu, K.K., Tsai, F.P. International surgery. (1995) [Pubmed]
  11. Carbon dioxide laser excision and vaporization of nonplunging ranulas: a comparison of two treatment protocols. Mintz, S., Barak, S., Horowitz, I. J. Oral Maxillofac. Surg. (1994) [Pubmed]
  12. Erectile dysfunction following treatments of benign prostatic hyperplasia: a prospective study. Uygur, M.C., Gür, E., Arik, A.I., Altuğ, U., Erol, D. Andrologia (1998) [Pubmed]
  13. Ozone decontamination of bioclean rooms. Masaoka, T., Kubota, Y., Namiuchi, S., Takubo, T., Ueda, T., Shibata, H., Nakamura, H., Yoshitake, J., Yamayoshi, T., Doi, H., Kamiki, T. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (1982) [Pubmed]
  14. Selenite biotransformation to volatile metabolites in an isolated hepatocyte model system. Ståhl, A., Anundi, I., Högberg, J. Biochem. Pharmacol. (1984) [Pubmed]
  15. merA gene expression in aquatic environments measured by mRNA production and Hg(II) volatilization. Nazaret, S., Jeffrey, W.H., Saouter, E., Von Haven, R., Barkay, T. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (1994) [Pubmed]
  16. Selenium biotransformations in an insect ecosystem: effects of insects on phytoremediation. Vickerman, D.B., Trumble, J.T., George, G.N., Pickering, I.I., Nichol, H. Environ. Sci. Technol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  17. Gas chromatographic determination of diquat and paraquat in crops. Hajslová, J., Cuhra, P., Davídek, T., Davídek, J. J. Chromatogr. (1989) [Pubmed]
  18. High-power laser vaporization of the canine prostate using a 110 W Thulium fiber laser at 1.91 microm. Fried, N.M. Lasers in surgery and medicine. (2005) [Pubmed]
  19. Lack of volatilization and escape of orally administered trichloroethylene from the gastrointestinal tract of rats. Lee, K.M., Muralidhara, S., Dallas, C.E., Bruckner, J.V. Toxicology and industrial health. (1997) [Pubmed]
  20. Laser-assisted microsurgical extirpation of a brain stem cavernoma: case report. Seifert, V., Gaab, M.R. Neurosurgery (1989) [Pubmed]
  21. Treating intraepithelial lesions of the uterine cervix by laser CO2. Evaluation of the past, appraisal for the future. Diakomanolis, E., Haidopoulos, D., Rodolakis, A., Messaris, E., Sakellaropoulos, G., Calpaktsoglou, C., Michalas, S. Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  22. Tracheoscope: an old instrument with new applications. Parsons, D.S. The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology. (1993) [Pubmed]
  23. Condensation and vaporization studies of CH3OH and NH3 ices: major implications for astrochemistry. Sandford, S.A., Allamandola, L.J. Astrophys. J. (1993) [Pubmed]
  24. Regulation of monoterpene accumulation in leaves of peppermint. Gershenzon, J., McConkey, M.E., Croteau, R.B. Plant Physiol. (2000) [Pubmed]
  25. Acid-volatile selenium formation catalyzed by glutathione reductase. Hsieh, H.S., Ganther, H.E. Biochemistry (1975) [Pubmed]
  26. Direct determination of methylmercury and inorganic mercury in biological materials by solid sampling-electrothermal vaporization-inductively coupled plasma-isotope dilution-mass spectrometry. Gelaude, I., Dams, R., Resano, M., Vanhaecke, F., Moens, L. Anal. Chem. (2002) [Pubmed]
  27. Development of a method for dioxin analysis of small serum samples with reduced risk of volatilization. Kitamura, K., Takazawa, Y., Takei, Y., Zhou, X., Hashimoto, S., Choi, J.W., Ito, H., Morita, M. Anal. Chem. (2005) [Pubmed]
  28. The nucleotide sequence of the mercuric resistance operons of plasmid R100 and transposon Tn501: further evidence for mer genes which enhance the activity of the mercuric ion detoxification system. Brown, N.L., Misra, T.K., Winnie, J.N., Schmidt, A., Seiff, M., Silver, S. Mol. Gen. Genet. (1986) [Pubmed]
  29. Occurrence and characterization of mercury resistance in the hyperthermophilic archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus by use of gene disruption. Schelert, J., Dixit, V., Hoang, V., Simbahan, J., Drozda, M., Blum, P. J. Bacteriol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  30. On-line hyphenation of capillary electrophoresis with flame-heated furnace atomic absorption spectrometry for trace mercury speciation. Li, Y., Jiang, Y., Yan, X.P. Electrophoresis (2005) [Pubmed]
  31. Analysis of solids, liquids, and biological tissues using solids probe introduction at atmospheric pressure on commercial LC/MS instruments. McEwen, C.N., McKay, R.G., Larsen, B.S. Anal. Chem. (2005) [Pubmed]
  32. Ophthalmic applications of infrared lasers -- thermal considerations. Mainster, M.A. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. (1979) [Pubmed]
  33. Preliminary study of the effects of some physical parameters on the stability of methylmercury in biological samples. Horvat, M., Byrne, A.R. The Analyst. (1992) [Pubmed]
  34. Laparoscopic treatment of infiltrative rectosigmoid colon and rectovaginal septum endometriosis by the technique of videolaparoscopy and the CO2 laser. Nezhat, C., Nezhat, F., Pennington, E. British journal of obstetrics and gynaecology. (1992) [Pubmed]
  35. Thorium and iodine memory effects in inductively-coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Al-Ammar, A., Reitznerová, E., Barnes, R.M. Fresenius' journal of analytical chemistry. (2001) [Pubmed]
  36. Cryotherapy and CO2-laser vaporization in the treatment of cervical and vaginal human papillomavirus (HPV) infections. Yliskoski, M., Saarikoski, S., Syrjänen, K., Syrjänen, S., Castrén, O. Acta obstetricia et gynecologica Scandinavica. (1989) [Pubmed]
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