The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

An enhancer element 6 kb upstream of the mouse HNF4alpha1 promoter is activated by glucocorticoids and liver-enriched transcription factors.

We have characterized a 700 bp enhancer element around -6 kb relative to the HNF4alpha1 transcription start. This element increases activity and confers glucocorticoid induction to a heterologous as well as the homologous promoters in differentiated hepatoma cells and is transactivated by HNF4alpha1, HNF4alpha7, HNF1alpha and HNF1beta in dedifferentiated hepatoma cells. A 240 bp sub-region conserves basal and hormone-induced enhancer activity. It contains HNF1, HNF4, HNF3 and C/EBP binding sites as shown by DNase I footprinting and electrophoretic mobility shift assays using nuclear extracts and/or recombinant HNF1alpha and HNF4alpha1. Mutation analyses showed that the HNF1 site is essential for HNF1alpha transactivation and is required for full basal enhancer activity, as is the C/EBP site. Glucocorticoid response element consensus sites which overlap the C/EBP, HNF4 and HNF3 sites are crucial for optimal hormonal induction. We present a model that accounts for weak expression of HNF4alpha1 in the embryonic liver and strong expression in the newborn/adult liver via the binding sites identified in the enhancer.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities