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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Artificial peptidase with an active site comprising a Cu(II) center and a proximal guanidinium ion. A carboxypeptidase A analogue.

An immobile artificial metallopeptidase having a well-defined active site was constructed on the backbone of cross-linked polystyrene by adjoining a guanidinium moiety to the Cu(II) complex of a tetraaza ligand. The catalyst ( CABP) and intermediate polymers were characterized by elemental analysis, IR, inductively coupled plasma measurement, electron probe microanalysis, test for primary amines, binding of Cu(II) ion, and complexation of p-nitrobenzoate ion. CABP effectively catalyzed amide hydrolysis of carboxyl-containing N-acyl amino acids. The catalytic rate of CABP in the hydrolysis of unactivated amides was comparable to that of the catalytic antibody with the highest peptidase activity reported to date. It is proposed that the guanidinium moiety of CABP recognizes the carboxylate anion of the substrate whereas the Cu(II) center participates in the cleavage of the amide bond of the complexed substrate. Several characteristic features of carboxypeptidase A were reproduced by CABP: catalytic action of the metal ion, participation of guanidinium in substrate recognition, hydrolysis of small unactivated amides, and substrate selectivity toward amide bonds adjacent to a carboxylate group.[1]


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