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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects of S-2474, a novel nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, on amyloid beta protein-induced neuronal cell death.

1. The accumulation of amyloid beta protein (Abeta) in the brain is a characteristic feature of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Clinical trials of AD patients with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) indicate a clinical benefit. NSAIDs are presumed to act by suppressing inhibiting chronic inflammation in the brain of AD patients. 2. In the present study, we investigated effects of S-2474 on Abeta-induced cell death in primary cultures of rat cortical neurons. 3. S-2474 is a novel NSAID, which inhibits cyclo-oxygenase-2 ( COX-2) and contains the di-tert-butylphenol antioxidant moiety. S-2474 significantly prevented neurons from Abeta(25 - 35)- and Abeta(1 - 40)-induced cell death. S-2474 ameliorated Abeta-induced apoptotic features such as the condensation of chromatin and the fragmentation of DNA completely. 4. Prior to cell death, Abeta(25 - 35) generated prostaglandin D(2) (PGD(2)) and free radicals from neurons. PGD(2) is a product of cyclo-oxygenase (COX), and caused neuronal cell death. 5. S-2474 significantly inhibited the Abeta(25 - 35)-induced generation of PGD(2) and free radicals. 6. The present cortical cultures contained little non-neuronal cells, indicating that S-2474 affected neuronal survival directly, but not indirectly via non-neuronal cells. Both an inhibitory effect of COX-2 and an antioxidant effect might contribute to the neuroprotective effects of S-2474. 7. In conclusion, S-2474 exhibits protective effects against neurotoxicity of Abeta. Furthermore, the present study suggests that S-2474 may possess therapeutic potential for AD via ameliorating degeneration in neurons as well as suppressing chronic inflammation in non-neuronal cells.[1]


  1. Effects of S-2474, a novel nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, on amyloid beta protein-induced neuronal cell death. Yagami, T., Ueda, K., Asakura, K., Sakaeda, T., Kuroda, T., Hata, S., Kambayashi, Y., Fujimoto, M. Br. J. Pharmacol. (2001) [Pubmed]
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